The Inuit made very clever things from the bones, antlers, and wood they had. They invented the harpoon, which was used to hunt seals and whales. They built boats from wood or bone covered with animal skins. They invented the kayak for one man to use for hunting the ocean and among the pack ice.
The Inuit used a variety of different tools to aid them in the hunting, cooking, and skinning of animals. This included spears, harpoons, arrows, bows, knives, ulus,traps, nets, hooks, pestles, and the pump drill.
The Inuit hunted seals, whales, and other sea mammals, especially in the winter. In the summer they moved inland to fish and hunt. They followed great herds of caribou, killing large numbers for food and using their hides for clothing.
In Inuit art today, stone is the most popular carving material. Stone is very adaptable. Artists can work it to almost any size and shape. Stone also comes in a variety of colours, from grey and white and black to green and blue-green.
This makes the Inuit population an exception of the latitude-correlated distribution of skin color. One possible reason is that the dark skin could protect the Inuits from the severe UV exposure because of the long daylight hours in winter and high levels of UV reflection from the snow.
Inuit (/ˈɪnjuɪt/; Inuktitut: ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ‘the people’, singular: Inuk, ᐃᓄᒃ, dual: Inuuk, ᐃᓅᒃ) are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska (United States). The Inuit languages are part of the Inuit-Yupik-Unangan family.
Inuit have always eaten food raw, frozen, thawed out, dried, aged, or cached ( Slightly aged ) meat for thousands of years. People still eat uncooked meat today. Raw meat will keep the hunter energized and mobile to do his chores effectively and productively. A cooked meal will be digested much quicker than raw meat.
Inuit weapons were primarily hunting tools which served a dual purpose as weapons, whether against other Inuit groups or against their traditional enemies, the Chipewyan, Tłı̨chǫ (Dogrib), Dene, and Cree.
” Inuit,” meaning “people,” is used in Canada, and the language is called “Inuktitut” in eastern Canada although other local designations are used also.
Linguistic, ethnic, and cultural differences exist between Yupik and Inuit. In Canada and Greenland, the term Eskimo is predominantly seen as offensive or “non-preferred”, and has been widely replaced by the term Inuit or terms specific to a particular group or community.
While igloos are no longer the common type of housing used by the Inuit, they remain culturally significant in Arctic communities. Igloos also retain practical value: some hunters and those seeking emergency shelter still use them. (See also Architectural History of Indigenous Peoples in Canada.)
These traditional Inuit foods include arctic char, seal, polar bear and caribou — often consumed raw, frozen or dried.
The Inuit are an aboriginal people who are indigenous to the Arctic region of Canada. Inuit Art Carvings often depict the animals of the arctic or figures that represent Inuit folklore, mythology and religion which took the form of nature worship.
Nunatsiavut is the first of the Inuit regions in Canada to have achieved self- government. The Nunatsiavut Government is an Inuit regional government. All other laws made by the Nunatsiavut Government will be driven by the principles and guidelines of the Constitution.
Traditional Inuit religious practices include animism and shamanism, in which spiritual healers mediate with spirits. Today many Inuit follow Christianity, but traditional Inuit spirituality continues as part of a living, oral tradition and part of contemporary Inuit society.