There are three major ethnic groups in Nigeria ( Yoruba, Hausa and Igbo ) with about 250 other ethnic groups commonly referred to as minor ethnic groups.
In Nigeria, Igbos inhabit an area referred to as Igboland, which is divided into two sections along the lower River Niger. They live in most or all parts of five states: Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu and Imo, as well as minor parts of Delta, Rivers and Benue states.
The Igbo people (English: /ˈiːboʊ/ EE-boh, also US: /ˈɪɡboʊ/; also spelled Ibo and formerly also Iboe, Ebo, Eboe, Eboans, Heebo; natively Ṇ́dị́ Ìgbò [ìɡ͡bò] ( listen)) are a meta-ethnicity native to the present-day south-central and southeastern Nigeria and also Equatorial Guinea.
The Hausa and Fulani live in northern part of Nigeria. Nigeria consist of many tribes and cultures, Hausa Fulani are the largest or most populous tribe in Nigeria, even though the Hausa and Fulani are different tribes but they are considered as one tribe due to the close relationship that exists between the two tribes.
But when you want to count the tribe with the richest person as in who has the highest quantified wealth, then it is the Hausa-Fulani and followed by the Yoruba tribe and then Igbo. But by population of rich Nigerians, Igbos are the richest.
The oldest tribe in NIgeria is Ijaw tribe. Ijaw (also known by the subgroups”Ijo ”or”Izon”) are a collection of indigenous peoples mostly to the forest regions of the Bayelsa, Delta, and Rivers States within the Niger Delta in Nigeria.
Linguistic map of Benin, Nigeria, and Cameroon. Igbo is spoken in southern Nigeria, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Haiti,Barbados, Belize, Trinidad and Tobago, it also supplied a large chunk of words to the Jamaican Patois. This article contains phonetic transcriptions in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA).
The Ooni of Ife, Enitan Ogunwusi, has reaffirmed his position on the family ties between Yoruba and Igbo nations, saying the two ethnic groups are inseparable members of the same family.
Traditional Igbo religion includes belief in a creator god (Chukwu or Chineke), an earth goddess (Ala), and numerous other deities and spirits as well as a belief in ancestors who protect their living descendants. Revelation of the will of the deities is sought by divination and oracles.
Top 10 Poorest tribes in Nigeria 2020
The Igbo are one of Nigeria’s largest ethnic groups. Among them is a minority of practicing Jews who believe they are descended from the “lost tribes” of Israel. (Courtesy: Chika Oduah.)
Igbo girls, a sect of Nigerian girls from the south-eastern parts of the country, are one of the most beautiful and intelligent women in the world. However, they have other unique quirks which impact their marriages considerably.
The Nri Kingdom in the Awka area was founded in about 900 AD in North Central Igboland, and is considered the oldest Kingdom in Nigeria.
Hausa – Fulani The largest of the major ethnic groups, Hausa and Fulani have been politically dominant since Nigeria’s independence from Britain in 1960. Islam is a key component of their ethnic identity and continues to inform their role in modern Nigerian society and politics.
The most populous and politically influential ethnic groups include the Hausa-Fulani, 29 percent; Yoruba, 21 percent; Igbo (also “Ibo”), 18 percent; Ijaw, 10 percent; Kanuri, 4 percent; Ibibio, 3.5 percent; and Tiv, 2.5 percent.