Comanche Nation is a federally recognized tribe with tribal enrollment numbers totaling 16,372 with roughly 7,763 members residing in Lawton-Ft. Sill and surrounding areas of Southwest Oklahoma. The Comanche Nation headquarters is located just north of Lawton, Oklahoma.
The Comanche started to spread throughout present-day eastern Colorado, western Kansas, western Oklahoma, and north western Texas in 1720, and they lived between the Platte River headwaters and the Kansas River by 1724.
While they called themselves Numunuu, meaning “the People,” the term Comanche means something completely different. It’s a Spanish corruption of the Ute word “Kohmahts,” which translates to “those who are against us,” or simply “the enemy.”
Dating back to the early 1500s, the Comanche were originally part of the Eastern Shoshone who lived near the upper reaches of the Platte River in eastern Wyoming. However, when the Europeans entered the scene and the tribe obtained horses, they broke off from the Shoshone with an estimated 10,000 members.
The practice was most common among eastern Woodland Indians and tribesmen of the Plains. The farther west you moved, the rarer it became. Warriors of the Great Plains decorated their bridles, lances and shields with scalp locks raised from the enemies.
A number of them returned in the 1890s and early 1900s. In the 21st century, the Comanche Nation has 17,000 members, around 7,000 of whom reside in tribal jurisdictional areas around Lawton, Fort Sill, and the surrounding areas of southwestern Oklahoma.
Colonel Mackenzie and his Black Seminole Scouts and Tonkawa scouts surprised the Comanche, as well as a number of other tribes, and destroyed their camps. The battle ended with only three Comanche casualties, but resulted in the destruction of both the camp and the Comanche pony herd.
Apache territory covered parts of present-day Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and northern Mexico. The Comanche (/kuh*man*chee/) were the only Native Americans more powerful than the Apache. The Comanche successfully gained Apache land and pushed the Apache farther west.
It is a Uto-Aztecan language of the Native American Comanche tribe.
|Numu Tekwapu – Comanche||English – Taibo Tekwapu|
|Marúawe!||Hello! (to 1 person)|
|Marúawebukwu!||Hello! (to 2 people)|
|Haa marúawe!||Hello! (to a group)|
Comanche in American English (kəˈmæntʃi, kou-) nounWord forms: plural (for 1) -ches or esp collectively -che. 1. a member of a Shoshonean tribe, the only tribe of the group living entirely on the Plains, formerly ranging from Wyoming to Texas, now in Oklahoma.
Comanche, self-name Nermernuh, North American Indian tribe of equestrian nomads whose 18th- and 19th-century territory comprised the southern Great Plains. The name Comanche is derived from a Ute word meaning “anyone who wants to fight me all the time.”
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As they acquired horses, the Comanche tribe began to pursue the buffalo herds for communal hunts, moving their villages often as the buffalo migrated. In addition to buffalo meat, the Comanche Indians ate small game like rabbits, fished in the lakes and rivers, and gathered nuts, berries, and wild potatoes.