The Chumash are a group of California Indians who lived on islands and along the coast of southern California. The name Chumash means “shell bead money maker.” The Chumash made delicate shell bead money (‘alchum) that they used for trade with other tribes. They were also known for the high quality of their baskets.
Chumash, any of several related North American Indian groups speaking a Hokan language. They originally lived in what are now the California coastlands and adjacent inland areas from Malibu northward to Estero Bay, and on the three northern Channel Islands off Santa Barbara.
Smaller tomols were used for transportation and catching smaller fish. The Spanish invaded their lands in the late 1700’s and forced the Chumash to convert to Christianity become slave-like ‘Mission Indians’. The harsh treatment by the Spanish and then the Mexicans led to the short-lived Chumash Revolt of 1824.
The people called themselves “the first people,” although many tribal elders today say that Chumash means “bead maker” or “seashell people.” The Spanish used the name “Chumash” to refer to every group of Native Americans living on these islands and along the southern coast of California.
How do you say hello in Chumash? Cahuilla: Míyaxwe! ( pronounced “mee-yakh-way”) Chumash: Yawa! ( pronounced “yah-wah”) Cupeno: Miyaxwa! ( pronounced “mee-yakh-wa”) Hupa: He:yung! ( pronounced “hay-yung”) Karuk: Ayukii! ( pronounced “ah-yu-kee”) Diegueno: Haawka! ( Luiseno: Míyu! ( Miwok: Oppun towih? (
They played contests and played games at special ceremonies. The Chumash Indians liked to play games. They played games and had contests at festivals and on special occasions.
1: a member of an American Indian people of southwestern California. 2: the family of languages spoken by the Chumash people.
They traded with the Gabrielino and Kumeyaay. Some of the things they traded for is dry fish, obsidian, which is a hard rock that they used to make arrows and tools, and soapstone. They also trade baskets, wild cherry and chia seeds. They traded with shells and they get more things for the shells they trade.
Kenneth Kahn, tribal leader of the Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians, talks about progress of the tribe and tribal leaders’ goals.
The Chumash believed in supernatural gods and they believed that humans could influence those gods. The most important time of the year for the Chumash was right before the winter solstice. They believed that this was the time when the Sun might not choose to come back to the Earth.
In what is now called Malibu and Topanga, the Chumash and the Tongva thrived for thousands of years, living off the land and sea. Chumash means “seashell people,” and this tribe relied heavily on resources from the ocean. For nearly 4,000 years Malibu was inhabited by Chumash Indians.
Archaeologists show that the Chumash Indians had been using shell beads as money for at least 800 years. As one of the most experienced archaeologists studying California’s Native Americans, Lynn Gamble(link is external) knew the Chumash Indians had been using shell beads as money for at least 800 years.
Samala is not only the name of the Santa Ynez Chumash /s language; it is also what they originally called themselves. Tribal Education Committee Chairwoman Sarah Moses said her parents never spoke Samala, and her grandparents spoke just a word or two.
The Chumash house, or ‘ap, was round and shaped like half an orange. It was made by setting willow poles in the ground in a circle. The poles were bent in at the top, to form a dome. Then smaller saplings or branches were tied on crosswise.
Human history in California began when indigenous Americans first arrived some 13,000 years ago.