In addition to buffalo meat, the Comanche Indians ate small game like rabbits, fished in the lakes and rivers, and gathered nuts, berries, and wild potatoes.
Baylor sent a farmer and laborer to assist them, and the first crops were planted- corn, melons, beans, peas, pumpkins, and other vegetables. The Comanches cultivated the crops remarkably well, but extreme drought kept them from producing all they needed.
In the 21st century, the Comanche Nation has 17,000 members, around 7,000 of whom reside in tribal jurisdictional areas around Lawton, Fort Sill, and the surrounding areas of southwestern Oklahoma.
Their clothing, made of bison hide or buckskin, consisted of breechclout, leggings, and moccasins for men, and fringed skirt, poncho-style blouse, leggings, and moccasins for women. Buffalo robes provided protection from cold weather. But it was the horse that most clearly defined the Comanche way of life.
Apache territory covered parts of present-day Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and northern Mexico. The Comanche (/kuh*man*chee/) were the only Native Americans more powerful than the Apache. The Comanche successfully gained Apache land and pushed the Apache farther west.
Their infamy quickly grew among the other tribes, as it’s shown in their name. While they called themselves Numunuu, meaning “the People,” the term Comanche means something completely different. It’s a Spanish corruption of the Ute word “Kohmahts,” which translates to “those who are against us,” or simply “the enemy.”
It is a Uto-Aztecan language of the Native American Comanche tribe.
|Numu Tekwapu – Comanche||English – Taibo Tekwapu|
|Marúawe!||Hello! (to 1 person)|
|Marúawebukwu!||Hello! (to 2 people)|
|Haa marúawe!||Hello! (to a group)|
Eagle feather headdresses, also called war bonnets, are traditionally a symbol of power and authority reserved for highly respected Native American men. Once an individual has amassed enough eagle feathers, he can make a bonnet. The more feathers in a bonnet, the more accomplished the person.
The Comanche Indian Reservation, sometimes called the Clear Fork reservation, was located about forty miles away. About 450 Penateka Comanches agreed to settle in the area. The reservation lands had good hunting. Farming was not part of the Comanche culture, but they agreed to learn.
The practice was most common among eastern Woodland Indians and tribesmen of the Plains. The farther west you moved, the rarer it became. Warriors of the Great Plains decorated their bridles, lances and shields with scalp locks raised from the enemies.
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Colonel Mackenzie and his Black Seminole Scouts and Tonkawa scouts surprised the Comanche, as well as a number of other tribes, and destroyed their camps. The battle ended with only three Comanche casualties, but resulted in the destruction of both the camp and the Comanche pony herd.
The Comanche were one of the first tribes to acquire horses from the Spanish and one of the few to breed them to any extent. They also fought battles on horseback, a skill unknown among other Indian peoples.
According to some sources, the Karankawa practiced ritual cannibalism, in common with other Gulf coastal tribes of present-day Texas and Louisiana. The Karankawa people were shocked at the Spanish cannibalism, which they found to be repugnant.