The Chinook Indians, relatives to the Clatsop tribe, lived in the Northwest along the banks of the Columbia River and the coast of the Pacific Ocean. The Chinooks were superb canoe builders and navigators, masterful traders, skillful fishermen and planters.
1: a member of an American Indian people of the north shore of the Columbia River at its mouth. 2: a Chinookan language of the Chinook and other nearby peoples. 3 or less commonly chinook. a: a warm moist southwest wind of the coast from Oregon northward.
The Chinook Indian Nation, consisting of the five westernmost Tribes of Chinookan peoples, Lower Chinook, Clatsop, Willapa, Wahkiakum and Kathlamet is currently (2020) working to obtain federal recognition.
The Chinook Indians were fishing people. Their staple food was salmon. Chinook men also caught many other kinds of fish and sea mammals from their canoes and hunted deer, birds, and small game on land. Chinook women gathered clams and shellfish, seaweed, berries, and roots.
Today, most Chinooks live in southwestern Washington and scattered around the Pacific Northwest. Population In 1780, roughly 22,000 Chinookans lived in their territory, a figure that declined to less than 100 in the late nineteenth century. Chinook tribal membership stood at more than 2,000 in 1983.
The Chinook used shells as a form of currency.
The Chinook is named after the Chinook Indians who lived along the Columbia River, and who were the first people to tell stories of “The Great South Wind”, or, in their language, the “Snow Eater”.
When the warm, dry, fast-moving Chinook winds pass over snow -covered areas, the snow often vaporizes before it has a chance to melt, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Because of this, chinook winds are often known as the ” snow eaters.”
No, the Chinook Indian Nation is not Federally recognized. Does the Chinook Indian Nation have a casino?
The Chinook Indian Nation, a confederation of the Lower Chinook, Clatsop, Willapa, Wahkiakum, and Kathlamet bands includes 2,300 people. Chinook host four-day Lewis and Clark Bicentennial event in Chinook, Washington. Chinook Canoe Family joins the Inter- tribal Canoe Journey.
The ancient Makah lived in villages, inhabiting large longhouses made from western red cedar. These longhouses had cedar -plank walls. The planks could be tilted or removed to provide ventilation or light.
Originally located in the southeastern United States in parts of Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee, and North Carolina, the Cherokee Nation was forced to relocate to Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma ) in 1838 after gold was discovered in our homelands.
The Chinook tribe’s main way of transportation was the canoe. They had many, many types of canoes. Some types of canoes that they had was the big seagoing canoe, the shovelnose canoe, and the Chinook Canoe.
The Chinook were prolific traders. In trade, the Chinook received dentalium shells, sea otter pelts, colored beads, obsidian, and other items. Dentalium shells were found in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Vancouver Island, and were valued by the Chinook. Dentalium shells were used to make beads for jewelry.
As his ears acclimated, Jewitt was able to concede that: “Their tunes are generally soft and plaintive, and though not possessing great variety, are not deficient in harmony. Their singing is generally accompanied with several rude kinds of instrumental music; among the most prominent of which is a kind of drum.