The Cheyenne Indians were a tribe of Great Plains American Indians who lived in what is now Minnesota, Montana, Oklahoma, and parts of Colorado, Wyoming, and South Dakota. Hunting was extremely important to these people as it provided them with food and materials for clothing, tools, weapons, and their homes.
What type of food did they eat? The early Cheyenne farmed crops including corn, beans, and squash. They also hunted small game such as rabbits and deer. The Cheyenne of the Great Plains got most of their food from hunting buffalo.
The Northern Cheyenne Nation is located in present-day southeastern Montana and is approximately 444,000 acres in size. The Northern Cheyenne Nation has approximately 11,266 enrolled tribal members with about 5,000 residing on their lands in Montana.
Many Cheyenne children like to go hunting and fishing with their fathers. In the past, Indian boys and girls had more chores and less time to play in their daily lives, just like colonial children. But they did have dolls, toys, and games to play. Here is a picture of a hoop game enjoyed by Cheyenne kids.
Apparentely there are no words for Hello or Goodbye in the Cheyenne language. They say hello with a gesture as if they were calming you down (and goodbye in English;-).
The name ” Cheyenne ” may be derived from Lakota Sioux exonym for them, Šahíyena ( meaning “little Šahíya”). Though the identity of the Šahíya is not known, many Great Plains tribes assume it means Cree or some other people who spoke an Algonquian language related to Cree and Cheyenne.
The Cheyenne language (Tsėhésenėstsestȯtse), is the Native American language spoken by the Cheyenne people, predominantly in present-day Montana and Oklahoma, in the United States. It is part of the Algonquian language family. Like all other Algonquian languages, it has complex agglutinative morphology.
Meaning of Cheyenne Cheyenne means “red speakers” or “strangerly speaking” in Sioux. Deriving from the French word “chien”, Cheyenne means “dog” or “dog owner”.
The Cheyenne tribe hunted lots of animals such as: deer, sometimes fish, and lots and lots of buffalo. To hunt the buffalo the women drove them towards the men who then shot them with their bows. To hunt the fish they easily went fishing in the closest river or pond.
During the 1800s, the Cheyenne laid their dead to rest in the trees. In the absence of a suitable tree, mourners constructed a scaffolding with four wooden posts staked into the ground. A wood platform for the body was then laid across the posts, resulting in a structure, typically 8 to 10 feet high.
The Crow remained bitter enemies of both the Sioux and Cheyenne. The Crow managed to retain a large reservation of more than 9300 km2 despite territorial losses, due in part to their cooperation with the federal government against their traditional enemies, the Sioux and Blackfoot.
Cheyenne, North American Plains Indians who spoke an Algonquian language and inhabited the regions around the Platte and Arkansas rivers during the 19th century. Before 1700 the Cheyenne lived in what is now central Minnesota, where they farmed, hunted, gathered wild rice, and made pottery.
Cheyenne music is very beautiful. They used the flute, drums, and face paint to make the nights of festivals really fun! During the lively night one of the most important things they did was pass around the peace pipe. But before the passing the pipe they had to say a prayer.
The tribe split (c. 1830) when a large group decided to settle on the upper Arkansas River and take advantage of the trade facilities offered by Bent’s Fort. This group became known as the Southern Cheyenne.