The Paiutes were hunter-gatherers, and moved from place to place frequently as they gathered food for their families. Paiute men hunted deer, elk, buffalo, and small game, and went fishing in the rivers and lakes. Paiute women gathered roots, pine nuts, seeds and fruits.
The Paiutes suffered immensely under termination. Nearly one-half of all tribal members died during the period between 1954 and 1980, largely due to a lack of basic health resources.
The Paiute occupied the Great Basin desert areas of Nevada, California, Oregon, Idaho, Arizona, and Utah. Modern-day members of the tribe live on more than two dozen reservations located throughout Nevada, California, Oregon, Utah, and Arizona. The largest numbers of Paiute live in California, Nevada, and Utah.
The Paiute people strongly believe in “Puha” or power, a traditional belief that everything in the universe has a life force. The Paiute practice meditation and perform special rituals in an attempt to harness the puha. It is believed that health, wartime victory, weather and fertility were attainable through puha.
1: a member of an American Indian people originally of Utah, Arizona, Nevada, and California. 2: either of the two Uto-Aztecan languages of the Paiute people.
Tribes like the Comanche and Cheyenne who had horses and knew how to use them first pushed other tribes like the Apache, Wichita and Tonkawa south and west off the plains. The Apache who now live in New Mexico and in Old Mexico used to live way up in the Texas panhandle and north of Texas.
Pesa U! Pe-sha uh! Thank you!
The food that the Paiute tribe ate included Indian rice grass, also known as sandgrass, Indian millet, sandrice and silkygrass. Rice grass occurs naturally on coarse, sandy soils in the arid lands throughout the Great Basin. Other common names are sandgrass, sandrice, Indian millet, and silkygrass.
Paiute–sometimes called Northern Paiute to distinguish it from Ute –is a Uto-Aztecan language of the Western Plateau. The language is spoken natively by more than 1000 Paiute Indians in Nevada, California, Oregon and Idaho and also by some Shoshone -Bannock people in Idaho. Paiute language samples and resources.
The Southern Paiutes of Utah live in the southwestern corner of the state where the Great Basin and the Colorado Plateau meet. The Southern Paiute language is one of the northern Numic branches of the large Uto-Aztecan language family. Most scholars agree that the Paiutes entered Utah about A.D. 1100-1200.
The Ute and Southern Paiute Indians are descended from the same group of Numic-speaking hunter-gatherers that began migrating east from southern California around A.D. 1000. Historically, the two groups shared similar, but not identical, hunter-gatherer lifestyles.
Winnemucca (Paiute leader)
|Other names||Wobitsawahkah, Mubetawaka, and Poito|
|Organization||Tribe: Kuyuidika band, Northern Paiute (born a Shoshone)|
|Known for||Northern Paiute war chief|
The Northern Paiute people are a Numic tribe that has traditionally lived in the Great Basin region of the United States in what is now eastern California, western Nevada, and southeast Oregon. The Northern Paiutes ‘ pre-contact lifestyle was well adapted to the harsh desert environment in which they lived.
Bear Dance is a Native American ceremonial dance that occurs in the spring. It is a ten-day event to strengthen social ties within the community, encourage courtship, and mark the end of puberty for girls.
Originally, Navajo men wore breechcloths and the women wore skirts made of woven yucca fiber. Shirts were not necessary in Navajo culture, but both men and women wore deerskin ponchos or cloaks of rabbit fur in cool weather. Like most Native Americans, Navajos wore Indian shoes called moccasins on their feet.