They spend their days hunting for game such as peccary, tapir and monkey, with 6ft bows made from the irapa tree and gathering forest produce such as babacu nuts and acai berries. Vultures, bats and the three-toed sloth are forbidden as prey for eating.
Indeed, they only live in a village because game is now so scarce. During the first day we had spent with them, the Awa had worn ragged T-shirts and shorts or skirts. But walking into the village it became abundantly clear that when it comes to hunting, some traditions remain strong.
Uncontacted forest The Awá who live without any contact with outsiders are some of the last uncontacted people on the planet. As nomads, they carry the things they need with them as they move: bows and arrows, children, pets.
Amazon’s Awa tribe under threat from illegal logging. Justin Rowlatt joins the Brazilian environment agency in a raid on an illegal sawmill in the north-east of the country, where loggers and ranchers have converged on Amazonian forest reserves putting the indigenous hunter-gatherer Awa tribe under threat of extinction
The Sentinelese are perhaps the most aggressive uncontacted tribe that exists. Nearly every attempt at contact has ended in disaster and sometimes death. Below are six accounts of these attempts at contact.
Collectively, the Khoikhoi and San are called the Khoisan and are often called the world’s first or oldest people. Like the San, the Nama share DNA with some of the oldest groups of humans. Today, very few pure Nama people exist because of intermarriage with other tribes and a smallpox outbreaks in the 18th century.
The Awá are an indigenous people of Brazil living in the eastern Amazon rain forest. There are approximately 350 members, and 100 of them have no contact with the outside world.
Korowai Tribe, also known as called the Kolufo, of Papua New Guinea don’t wear clothes or koteka (a penis gourd/cover). There must be around 3000 of them and they still live in tree houses and are unaware of world of mobile, television, clothes or houses.
The Awá are people living in the eastern Amazon rainforest. There are approximately 350 members, and 100 of them have no contact with the outside world. They are considered highly endangered because of conflicts with logging interests in their territory. The Kawahiva live in the north of Mato Grosso.
There are 574 federally recognized tribes living within the US, about half of which are associated with Indian reservations.
What do Native Amazonians want? They want the government to make them legal owners of their homelands so they can live where they belong, on their own land.
The Awá have been called the most endangered tribe on Earth because of the threat posed by illegal loggers to their forested hunting grounds. Most of their population of about 450 people live in Caru, a 668-square-mile reserve created in 1982, and an adjacent reserve called Awa.
In the Philippines, technically, there are no tribes since the kinship system among Philippine groups is bilateral, although at times there is a matriarchal bias especially with reference to post-marital residences. Tribe is an organizational concept between the band and the state.
Indigenous peoples’ way of life has gone on uninterrupted for centuries, but is now under threat because of the invasion of the rainforest by outsiders – logging companies, mining operations and ranchers looking to make a quick profit by exploiting the natural resources to be found in the rain forests around the world.
This year, fires have been reported in some of the remaining forests. Another group threatened by fires is the uncontacted Awá of Maranhão state in the Arariboia Indigenous Reserve which, according to Survival, has been heavily invaded by illegal loggers.