Why did the Aztecs end up being defeated? There are three primary motivations that led to the conquest of the Aztec people: the desire for wealth, the want to bring glory to oneself or one’s nation, and the desire to convert the people to Christianity.
An exploration mission to find gold on the North American continent was what kicked off the process of gaining control of Mexico. Cortés led around 450 troops to Mexico in 1519 and made his way from Veracruz on the Gulf Coast to the island city of Tenochtitlan, which was the magnificently gorgeous Aztec capital situated in Lake Texcoco. Cortés arrived in Mexico from Veracruz.
The collapse of the Aztec Empire was a pivotal step in the expansion of the Spanish colonial empire overseas, beginning with the establishment of New Spain (later renamed Mexico).
The Aztecs were able to establish a prosperous state, and subsequently an empire, because of their highly advanced system of agriculture (which included methods of intensive land cultivation and irrigation), as well as their great military tradition.
In his pursuit of riches, glory, and deity, Cortes set his sights on the Aztec people. As a result of these factors, a significant number of individuals living in the Aztec Empire were miserable. A number of them provided assistance to the Spanish conquistadors during their conquest of the empire.
The horrific sacrifices, religion, plagues, and the tactics utilized by the Spanish against the Aztecs were the four key causes that were visible in the demise of the Aztecs..
Conquistadors from Spain led by Hernán Cortés formed an alliance with indigenous peoples in order to take Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city.
After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed. The common people suffered from the illnesses brought by the Europeans, which killed out up to fifty percent of the population, and their new masters turned out to be no better than the Aztecs had been.
Aztecs did not had any protection to the illnesses brought by Europeans. The indigenous people were ravaged by a smallpox epidemic that greatly reduced their capacity for resistance against the Spanish. The epidemic decimated the Aztec people, causing a significant drop in their population and causing an estimated fifty percent of the people living in Tenochtitlan to perish.
Cortez and his expedition were successful in bringing down the Aztec Kingdom due to a combination of three factors: the weakness of that empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox.
The peoples who had been subjugated by the Aztecs disliked the Aztecs for demanding payment and victims for their religious sacrifices, but the Aztec military managed to keep any uprisings under control. Hernán Cortés, a young nobleman who was born in Spain, traveled to the island of Hispaniola in the West Indies in the year 1504.
Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec Empire, saw its greatest period of prosperity between the years 1325 and 1521 A.D., but it was conquered by Spanish invaders headed by Cortés less than two years after their arrival.
And by the year 1428, Itzcoatl, also known as ″Obsidian Snake,″ the emperor of the Aztecs, together with Tlacaelel, his principal adviser, led the Aztecs to victory against their former friends and oppressors. The Aztecs built a dominion in the 15th century that eventually included the majority of what is now Mexico under the leadership of a series of ambitious rulers who ruled over them.
Any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, particularly in the 16th century in Mexico and Peru, is referred to as a conquistador. The word ″conquistador″ comes from the Spanish word ″conquista,″ which means ″conqueror.″
The peoples that the Spanish captured were treated in what manner? Inhumanely, the Spanish oppressed the native people and forced them to work on their ″encomienda″ farms, ranches, and mines.
The Aztecs chose to make their home in the Valley of Mexico due to its abundance of fresh water and fertile soils provided by the region’s volcanic origin.