The peoples who had been subjugated by the Aztecs disliked the Aztecs for demanding payment and victims for their religious sacrifices, but the Aztec military managed to keep any uprisings under control. Hernán Cortés, a young nobleman who was born in Spain, traveled to the island of Hispaniola in the West Indies in the year 1504.
It took the Aztec warriors quite some time to learn the European notion of a ″no-quarters″ combat, so when they went to war, their primary objective was to capture as many enemy soldiers as they could during the ″Flowery Wars″ they fought. This strategy won them promotions and prestige.
The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.
Because of their contribution to the development of Aztec society, the Spanish had a beneficial impact on Aztec civilisation. They taught the Aztecs how to cultivate using European techniques, as well as how to raise domestic animals, sugar, and wheat. The most important thing that the Spanish did was to put an end to the Aztec practice of human sacrifice.
Because they possessed horses, dogs, firearms, and swords, the Spanish were able to overcome the Aztecs and the Inca not just because of their superior numbers, but also because they brought viruses with them that rendered many native Americans ill. Native Americans had never been exposed to diseases such as measles or smallpox; as a result, they lacked immunity to these conditions.
Battle. The earliest weapons that were employed when the invading and defending armies sighted one other were projected weapons such as atlatls or dart throwers, slings, spears, and bows and arrows. When the forces came together in combat, razor-sharp obsidian clubs, swords, and daggers were utilized to bring the battle to an end.
The Aztecs were captivated by the pale complexion of the Spaniards and the sight of men riding horses, which they referred to as ″beasts with two heads and six legs.″ The locals were rendered speechless and even more terrified as a result of the Spanish’s firing of firearms. After entering the city, Cortés proceeded to sack it and take Montezuma as a captive.
During the course of the conflict, the Aztecs offered up as sacrifices a significant number of the Spanish soldiers who they had been holding as prisoners of war. In response, Cortés ordered the destruction of the city and the Aztec people, which enraged them even more.
The Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés and his men are forced to battle their way out of Tenochtitlan after an Aztec uprising against their dominion on June 30, 1520. This results in significant casualties for both sides.
Why was it that the Spanish were able to overthrow the powerful Aztec Empire despite having a numerical disadvantage? It was due to a number of factors, including the fact that the Aztecs believed they were gods and hence would not hurt them, the fact that smallpox was killing them, and the fact that the Spanish possessed superior weaponry like as firearms and steel swords.