An exploration mission to find gold on the North American continent was what kicked off the process of gaining control of Mexico. Cortés led around 450 troops to Mexico in 1519 and made his way from Veracruz on the Gulf Coast to the island city of Tenochtitlan, which was the magnificently gorgeous Aztec capital situated in Lake Texcoco. Cortés arrived in Mexico from Veracruz.
In his pursuit of riches, glory, and deity, Cortes set his sights on the Aztec people. As a result of these factors, a significant number of individuals living in the Aztec Empire were miserable. A number of them provided assistance to the Spanish conquistadors during their conquest of the empire.
The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.
Even though the invading Spanish army were vastly outnumbered by the native people, they managed to conquer the Aztec and Incan civilizations in the early 1500s by sailing across the Pacific Ocean and landing on the other side of the continent. The contrasts in expertise and technology that existed between the two sides contributed, in part, to this victory.
During this historical period, the nobles and religious leaders of the Aztec people grew extremely enraged with the Spanish. They held the belief that Moctezuma II was a weak ruler who had allowed the Spanish to gain control of the city.
Because of their contribution to the development of Aztec society, the Spanish had a beneficial impact on Aztec civilisation. They taught the Aztecs how to cultivate using European techniques, as well as how to raise domestic animals, sugar, and wheat. The most important thing that the Spanish did was to put an end to the Aztec practice of human sacrifice.
Why was it that the Spanish were able to overthrow the powerful Aztec Empire despite having a numerical disadvantage? It was due to a number of factors, including the fact that the Aztecs believed they were gods and hence would not hurt them, the fact that smallpox was killing them, and the fact that the Spanish possessed superior weaponry like as firearms and steel swords.
After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed. The common people suffered from the illnesses brought by the Europeans, which killed out up to fifty percent of the population, and their new masters turned out to be no better than the Aztecs had been.
Poor nobles from the impoverished west and south of Spain made up the majority of Spanish conquistadors. They were able to conquer the vast empires of the New World with the assistance of superior military technology, disease (which weakened indigenous resistance), military tactics including surprise attacks and powerful weaponry.
In Europe, a time of discovery and adventure did not get underway until the latter half of the 15th century. Christopher Columbus made the initial discovery of the islands that would later become the Bahamas in the year 1492. This event is considered to be the starting point of Spain’s conquest of the Americas.
The Aztecs were captivated by the pale complexion of the Spaniards and the sight of men riding horses, which they referred to as ″beasts with two heads and six legs.″ The locals were rendered speechless and even more terrified as a result of the Spanish’s firing of firearms. After entering the city, Cortés proceeded to sack it and take Montezuma as a captive.
Steel, sickness, organized alliances, and 16 horses were some of the advantages that the Spanish held against the Aztecs. Other advantages were firearms and armor.