The Aztecs, now headed by Cuauhtemoc, ultimately capitulated after 93 days of struggle on the fatal day of August 13, 1521 CE. They had run out of food and were being devastated by the smallpox illness, which had been introduced to the Aztecs by one of the Spaniards previously. The city of Tenochtitlan was pillaged, and its monuments were obliterated.
In 1521, a group of foreign invaders headed by the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés successfully destroyed the Aztec Empire and took control of Tenochtitlan, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great indigenous civilisation.
The horrific sacrifices, religion, plagues, and the tactics utilized by the Spanish against the Aztecs were the four key causes that were visible in the demise of the Aztecs..
Because the term ″Aztecs″ technically only refers to the ″Mexica,″ who were the people who lived in the city of Tenochtitlan, it is difficult to believe that there are still any true Aztecs alive today. However, the Aztec language and certain aspects of Aztec culture are undeniably still very much alive and well today.
In his pursuit of riches, glory, and deity, Cortes set his sights on the Aztec people. As a result of these factors, a significant number of individuals living in the Aztec Empire were miserable. A number of them provided assistance to the Spanish conquistadors during their conquest of the empire.
The Aztecs had lost faith in Montezuma, their food supply was running low, and an outbreak of smallpox had begun among them. More than three million Aztecs perished as a result of the smallpox epidemic; with such a severely depleted population, it was very simple for the Spanish to conquer Tenochtitlán.
In the afterlife, they engaged in a battle with the sun through the use of human sacrifices. The Aztecs were concerned about what might happen after every 52 years. What steps may be taken to prevent such from happening? They would put out any sacred fires, destroy their furniture and possessions, and enter a state of sorrow at this time.
During the time that they were in power, the Aztecs farmed vast tracts of land. Corn, beans, and squash were the three most important foods in their diet. They added chiles and tomatoes to these ingredients. They also gathered a species of crayfish-like critter called an acocil, which is common in Lake Texcoco, as well as a type of algae called spirulina, which they baked into cakes.
Soon after the Spanish colonization of Cuba in 1519, a small army headed by Hernán Cortés (1485-1547) defeated the Aztecs and took control of Mexico. This event occurred in Mexico.
At that time, it is thought that the Spanish had accumulated somewhere in the neighborhood of eight thousand pounds of gold and silver, in addition to a substantial amount of feathers, cotton, gems, and other items.
Their dominion based on tribute grew to encompass all of Mesoamerica. As early as 2600 BC, the Maya people established their culture in southern Mexico and northern Central America, a vast region that encompasses the whole Yucatán Peninsula. They called this region of the world home. a chart that compares.
|Today part of||Mexico||Mexico, Guatemala and Belize.|
The Nahuas, who are the descendants of the Aztecs, continue to be the largest Indigenous group in Mexico, but there are many other Indigenous groups in Mesoamerica, such as the Hahu, the Mixtec, and the Maya. The Nahuas, who are the descendants of the Aztecs, continue to be the largest Indigenous group in Mexico.