Montezuma II, who was also known by the spelling Moctezuma, was the ninth Aztec emperor of Mexico. He was born in 1466 and died on June 30, 1520 at Tenochtitlan, which is now a part of Mexico City. Montezuma II is most well-known for his encounter with the Spanish explorer Hernán Cortés.
The Aztec empire was composed of a number of city-states that were collectively referred to as altepetl. Each altepetl was governed by a superior judge and administrator, as well as a supreme leader known as a tlatoani (cihuacoatl). The tlatoani of the Aztec empire’s capital city of Tenochtitlan, also known as Huey Tlatoani, held the position of Emperor of the Aztec empire.
Acamapichtli was the first Tlatoani, or monarch, of the Aztecs (or Mexica) of Tenochtitlan. He is also known as the founder of the Aztec imperial dynasty. The name Acamapichtli comes from the Classical Nahuatl word ‘campichtli,’ which means ‘handful of reeds.’
Many people consider Ahuitzotl, the eighth monarch of the Aztecs, who ruled from 1486 to 1502 to be the best Aztec emperor. He governed from 1486 until 1502.
The governance of the Aztecs was very similar to that of a monarchy, in which an Emperor or King served as the supreme authority. The people referred to their leader as the Huey Tlatoani. The Huey Tlatoani had the highest level of authority in the region. They believed that the gods had chosen him to reign and that he thus has the divine right to do so.
The Aztec Empire expanded its territory and earned tribute from the people it defeated in battle. People who were taken prisoner in battle were either sold as slaves or used as sacrifices in Aztec religious rituals. The growth of the empire through more conquests provided a source of power for the empire as well as additional wealth in the form of tribute.
Valley of Mexico and the historic city of Tenochtitlan, which served as the capital of the Aztec empire. In the year 1519, when Spanish conquistadors landed in the Aztec imperial metropolis of Mexico-Tenochtitlán, Moctezuma II was the ruler of Mexico-Tenochtitlán.
Hernan Cortés, who lived from 1485 to 1547, arrived in Mexico in 1519 with around five hundred soldiers and a few horses. He established connection with the villages in the surrounding area, and eventually with Moctezuma II (1466-1520), the Emperor of the Aztecs.
To answer your question, the Aztecs did have kings and queens. There were nine monarchs in all. In Nahuatl, the language spoken by the Aztecs, the name of the ruler was Tlahtoani, which means ″He who Speaks.″
Pronunciation of Nahuatl in its modern form (help/info) (1380–1440) was the fourth king of Tenochtitlan and the first Emperor of the Aztec empire. He ruled from 1427 (or 1428) to 1440, which was at the time when the Mexica overthrew the dominance of the Tepanecs and established the foundations for the eventual Aztec Empire.
A monarchy was the kind of governance that the Aztecs used. Within the boundaries of the Aztec Empire, each important city was governed by an executive chief known as the tlatoani.
Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire, was taken by Spanish soldiers led by Hernán Cortés after a siege that lasted three months and lasted there. The city was razed to the ground and the Aztec ruler, Cuauhtémoc, was taken captive by Cortés’ troops.
From their magnificent capital city of Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs rose to prominence as the preeminent power in central Mexico. They developed a complex social, political, religious, and commercial organization that allowed them to subjugate many of the region’s city-states by the 15th century and establish themselves as the dominant power in the region.