Montezuma II, who was also known by the spelling Moctezuma, was the ninth Aztec emperor of Mexico. He was born in 1466 and died on June 30, 1520 at Tenochtitlán, which is now a part of Mexico City. Montezuma II is most well-known for his encounter with the Spanish explorer Hernán Cortés.
Cuauhtémoc, also known as Guatimozin, was the 11th and last Aztec emperor. He was also Montezuma II’s nephew and son-in-law. He was born about 1495 and passed away on February 26, 1522.
Many people consider Ahuitzotl, the eighth monarch of the Aztecs, who ruled from 1486 to 1502 to be the best Aztec emperor. He governed from 1486 until 1502.
After razing Tenochtitlan, Cortés established his new capital city on top of the city’s remains and declared the Aztec Empire to be part of New Spain. Soon after the Spanish colonization of Cuba in 1519, a small army headed by Hernán Cortés (1485-1547) defeated the Aztecs and took control of Mexico. This event occurred in Mexico.
Shortly after this, Moctezuma II was assassinated; the Spanish accounts state that a throng stoned him while he was speaking, but the Aztecs lay the finger at the Spanish. In any event, the Spanish and Tlaxcalan invaders fled Tenochtitlan as the entire city rose up in opposition to them.
Montezuma was severely injured before the Spanish were able to get him back inside the palace at Tenochtitlan because the people of Tenochtitlan were so enraged that they flung stones and spears at him. Montezuma reportedly passed away on June 29 as a result of his wounds two or three days later, according to tales written in Spanish.
Itzcóatl was the ruler of the Aztec Empire during the years 1428 and 1440. Tenochtitlan, which he ruled, entered into a three-way alliance with the neighboring realms of Texcoco and Tlacopan during his reign. The Aztecs became the dominating force in central Mexico as a result of this partnership, which allowed them to extend their empire.
To answer your question, the Aztecs did have kings and queens. There were nine monarchs in all. In Nahuatl, the language spoken by the Aztecs, the name of the ruler was Tlahtoani, which means ″He who Speaks.″
Aztecs did not had any protection to the illnesses brought by Europeans. The indigenous people were ravaged by a smallpox epidemic that greatly reduced their capacity for resistance against the Spanish. The epidemic decimated the Aztec people, causing a significant drop in their population and causing an estimated fifty percent of the people living in Tenochtitlan to perish.
The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.
The parents of the prospective groom were the ones who started the marriage process in Aztec culture. After speaking with the larger kinship group, the prospective groom’s and bride’s parents would contact a professional matchmaker, known in Classical Nahuatl as ah atanzah. The matchmaker would then approach the prospective bride’s family.
After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed. The common people suffered from the illnesses brought by the Europeans, which killed out up to fifty percent of the population, and their new masters turned out to be no better than the Aztecs had been.
Both the Aztec and Inca empires fell under the control of Spanish conquistadors, with Cortés being responsible for the conquest of the Aztec Empire while Pizarro was responsible for the fall of the Inca Empire. The Spanish were more powerful than the local peoples because they had firearms, cannons, and horses at their disposal.
Etymology. Named after Montezuma, also known as Moctezuma II, who ruled the Aztec Empire from from 1466 until just before it was invaded by the Spanish in 1520. It is believed that the requirement was put in place as ″retribution″ for the massacre and slavery of the Aztec people on August 13, 1521, by the Spanish invader Hernán Cortés.