The majority of the lines, it is believed by scientists, were drawn by the Nasca people, who were at the height of their civilization from about 1 AD to 700 AD. Certain regions of the pampa have the appearance of a chalk board that has been heavily used, with lines that overlay one another and patterns that are cut through with straight lines that have both ancient and more recent roots.
They were discovered in 1927 by the Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Meja Xesspe, who was strolling through the foothills when he came across them.In 1939, he presented his ideas on the subject at a symposium in Lima.It is generally accepted that Paul Kosok, an American historian from Long Island University in New York, was the first academic to conduct an in-depth investigation of the Nazca Lines.
The Nazca civilisation, which began about 100 B.C. and thrived from A.D. 1 to 700, is credited by anthropologists with the creation of the bulk of the Nazca Lines. It’s possible that the Chavin and Paracas civilizations, who existed before the Nazca, were also responsible for the creation of some of the geoglyphs.
The Nazca wanted to show their reverence for the natural world and pay homage to their gods, particularly those who controlled the weather, which was particularly important to the Nazca’s ability to practice successful agriculture in the dry plains of Peru. This may be the most obvious purpose of the lines.
Maria Reiche, a renowned archaeologist, developed various hypotheses on the formation of the lines. The Nazca constructed their lines using wooden posts that were tied together with rope. They placed the stakes in a line in order to use them as a guide. They were able to create exceedingly lengthy lines and forms by using this approach, which allowed them to repeat the procedure.
The Nazca Lines were produced by removing a layer of ruddy stones off the surface of the earth in order to expose a ground that was whiter below. Where in the world, in the modern day, was the Inca Empire established? The majority of Inca ceramics was painted with scenes from mythology and figures associated with several religions. Mayans are responsible for the creation of the Nazca lines.
Between the years 200 BCE and 600 CE, the Nazca civilisation thrived along the coast of Peru’s southernmost region. Cahuachi and Ventilla, respectively, were their most important religious and urban centers when they established their homes in the Nazca Valley and the other valleys in the surrounding area.
According to the findings of researchers, the Nazca people of Peru, who are famous for their enormous line drawings on a desert plateau that are fully visible only from the air, set the stage for their collapse around the year 500 by deforesting the plain, which allowed flood-free rein through the Rio Ica valley. These drawings are only fully visible from the air.
Rafael Reichert captured the finding of a set of nine trophy skulls that had been unearthed at Estaqueria in 1979. The location of the discovery was in the Nasca Valley.
Groups of geoglyphs, huge line designs that appear, from a distance, to be carved into the Earth’s surface on the dry Pampa Colorada (″Colored Plain″ or ″Red Plain″), northwest of the city of Nazca in southern Peru. The Nazca Lines are sometimes written as Nasca.
Squatters provide the greatest danger to Peru’s historic and heritage sites, as the country’s Ministry of Culture claims to receive between 120 and 180 reports of unlawful encroachments every year. In the end, the Nazca Lines have succumbed to the same fate as so many other historical sites: they have been ruined by their own reputation.
The Nazca Spider is a very interesting creature to study. It is identical to a genuine spider that has been put inside a web of straight lines. It has a length of around 150 feet and is created by a single line across its whole.
What is their age range? The great majority of the lines have been dated to between 200 BC and 500 AD, which corresponds to the historical period in which a people known as the Nazca occupied the region. Stones were initially stacked to form the first lines, which have been dated as as far back as 500 BC.