The Empire of the Aztecs In the year 1428, the Aztecs, led by Itzcoatl, formed a three-way alliance with the Texcocans and the Tacubans in order to defeat their most powerful rivals for influence in the region, the Tepanec, and to conquer the Tepanec’s capital of Azcapotzalco. This was accomplished with the help of the Tacubans.
Itzcóatl was the ruler of the Aztec Empire during the years 1428 and 1440.Tenochtitlan, which he ruled, entered into a three-way alliance with the neighboring realms of Texcoco and Tlacopan during his reign.By forming this alliance, the Aztecs were able to extend their kingdom and establish themselves as the preeminent force in the central region of Mexico.
Itzcóatl was followed in power by Montezuma I, who ruled from 1440 to 1469.
Rulers, the Supreme Ruler, and the Voice of the People were the three types of Aztec leaders. In the hierarchical framework of the Aztec city-state, a tlatoani held the position of supreme authority. It was believed that he spoke for his people because he was the leader of their nation or monarch.
Itzcoatl, the first and one of the most renowned Aztec rulers, rose to the throne in 1427 during an ongoing civil war for dominance between several city-states.This conflict was fought for control of the Aztec empire.In the year 1428, he was crowned Emperor of the Aztec Empire, and he continued to govern until the year 1440.
Moctezuma I became Emperor of Mexico after his father’s passing and continued to lead the empire until 1469.
The Aztec Empire was governed using a variety of covert methods. It was ethnically quite varied, just like the majority of European empires; yet, in contrast to the majority of European empires, it was more of a hegemonic confederacy than it was a unified system of administration.
Established in 1427, the Aztec Empire was a confederation of three city-states: Tenochtitlan, the city-state of the Mexica or Tenochca; Texcoco; and Tlacopan, once a component of the Tepanec empire, whose most powerful city was Azcapotzalco. Tenochtitlan was the capital of the Aztec Empire.
Cuauhtémoc, also known as Guatimozin, was the 11th and last Aztec emperor. He was also Montezuma II’s nephew and son-in-law. He was born about 1495 and passed away on February 26, 1522. After the death of Montezuma’s successor Cuitláhuac in 1520, Cuauhtémoc ascended to the position of emperor.
It will be argued in a new exhibition that the Aztec emperor Moctezuma was not killed by his own people, but rather by the Spanish captors who were holding him captive. This is part of an effort to rescue a dark character from the propaganda that depicted him as a traitor.
To answer your question, the Aztecs did have kings and queens. There were nine kings. In Nahuatl, the language spoken by the Aztecs, the name of the ruler was Tlahtoani, which means ″He who Speaks.″
The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.
Hernán Cortés and a small band of soldiers were able to bring down the Aztec empire in Mexico between the years 1519 and 1521. Francisco Pizarro and his troops were able to bring down the Inca empire in Peru between the years 1532 and 1533.
The Aztecs would clean themselves in low hothouses that were similar to saunas on a regular basis. This was in addition to bathing in rivers and lakes. The bather splashed water on the wall while it was baking, which created steam. One of the walls had been heated to a red-hot temperature by an external fire.
Steel, sickness, organized alliances, and 16 horses were some of the advantages that the Spanish held against the Aztecs. Other advantages were firearms and armor.
|Fall of Tenochtitlan|
|Casualties and losses|
|450–860 Spanish 20,000 Tlaxcaltecs||100,000 killed in action 300 war canoes sunk At least 40,000 Aztecs civilians killed and captured, other sources claim 100,000 to 240,000 were killed in the campaign overall including warriors and civilians|
The tlatoani of the Aztec empire’s capital city of Tenochtitlan, also known as Huey Tlatoani, held the position of Emperor of the Aztec empire. The tlatoani was the ultimate owner of all land in his city-state. In addition to this responsibility, the tlatoani was also responsible for receiving tribute, supervising marketplaces and temples, leading the military, and resolving legal issues.
Tlapalizquixochtzin was a noblewoman in Aztec society who reigned as Queen regnant of the city of Ecatepec in Aztec times. She was also known as the Empress of Tenochtitlan during her time there.
When an emperor died, the next emperor was chosen by a group of high ranked nobles. Usually the next emperor was a related of the former emperor, although it wasn’t necessarily his son. Sometimes they picked a sibling who they believed would be an excellent leader.
The Aztecs sacrificed human beings atop their holy pyramids not just for religious reasons but because they had to eat people to gain protein needed in their diet, a New York anthropologist has said.
They loathed the Aztecs because they had plundered their cities for people to sacrifice to their gods. Montezuma II tried to block Cortés from going all the way to Tenochtitlan, but Cortés maintained his march. He destroyed the Aztec holy city of Cholula along the route.
By the 1500s, they had not only survived, but managed to win, and they were taking no chances of being forced to go backwards. They utilized their intellect and their muscle to vanquish their neighbors — initially the various ethnic groups in the central core of Mexico, and later far farther afield.