On July 16, 1673, French explorers and missionaries Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet made their way down the Mississippi River and arrived at Quapaw villages along its banks approximately twenty miles north of the Arkansas. This event is considered to be the first recorded contact between Quapaws and Europeans.
During the spring of 1827, the Red River had repeated flooding events, which caused the crops that the Quapaw had planted to be completely destroyed. A number of members of the tribe, including members of Saracen’s family, passed away as a result of the sickness.
When the French explorers Marquette and Jolliet first made contact with the Quapaw Indians in the year 1673, the Quapaw people were living in four separate towns close to the point where the Arkansas and Mississippi rivers merged.
The French colonists referred to the indigenous Quapaw people as ″Arkansas,″ which is the Illini term meaning ″People of the South Wind.″ The river and the surrounding area were both named after these indigenous people.
Arkansas, Missouri, Mississippi, and Tennessee were once inhabited by a tribe who called themselves Quapaw. In the 1800s, the Quapaw tribe and a large number of other tribes were among those that were coerced into relocating to Oklahoma. The majority of Quapaw people are still based in Oklahoma today.
A brief history of the Quapaw Nation Reservation One of the Nine Tribes that reside in Ottawa County is the Quapaw Nation, which may be found in the upper-most part of the county’s northeastern corner. Before the start of the Civil War, some of the Quapaw tribe in Arkansas relocated to the northeastern part of Oklahoma. The Ohio Valley is home to the Quapaw’s ancient territories.
As a result of the Quapaw people’s migration downstream into Arkansas along the Mississippi River, they came to be known as the Ogaxpa, which literally means ″those who live downstream.″ According to the recorded history of the Dhegiha people, they crossed over the river just as a thick mist was settling in. At the time, they were traveling.
|Native speakers||1 (2019)|
|Language family||Siouan Western Siouan Mississippi Valley Dhegiha Quapaw|