As a result of this, Itzamna is also known by other names, such as Kukulkan, which means ″feathered serpent deity.″ It is shown as a snake with two heads or even as a hybrid monster with human and lizard (or caiman) like traits. Ix Chel, the Mayan Moon Goddess, is shown in this piece of art by BalamTzibtah (DeviantArt)
Quetzalcóatl, also known by its Mayan name Kukulcán, is known as the Feathered Serpent. Its name comes from the Nahuatl word quetzalli, which translates to ″tail feather of the quetzal bird,″ and the word coatl, which means ″snake.″ Quetzalcóatl was one of the most important gods in the ancient Mexican pantheon.
The Feathered Serpent was a major supernatural creature or god in many Mesoamerican faiths. It was often shown as having feathers and a serpent’s body. Even now, the Aztecs continue to refer to it as Quetzalcoatl, while the Yucatec Maya name it Kukulkan, and the K’iche’ Maya call it both Q’uq’umatz and Tohil.
The feathered serpent deity of the Aztecs, known as Quetzalcoatl, is documented in a number of Aztec codices, including the Florentine codex, as well as in the chronicles of the Spanish conquistadors. It was believed that Quetzalcoatl was the god of the wind and rain, as well as the bringer of knowledge and the creator of books. He was also linked with the planet Venus.
In addition to the feathered serpent deity, numerous more snake gods existed in the pantheon of Mesoamerican gods. These gods all had similar characteristics and played an essential part in the evolution of Mesoamerican civilization.
It is believed that the double symbolism used by the Feathered Serpent is allegoric to the dual nature of the deity, where being feathered represents its divine nature or ability to fly to reach the skies, and being a serpent represents its human nature or ability to creep on the ground among other animals of the Earth, a metaphor for the deity’s ability to be both divine and human at the same time, a metaphor for the deity’s ability to be both divine and human.
According to the Legend of the Suns told by the Aztecs, Quetzalcoatl was the ruler of the second Sun that was created by the Aztecs. He was a deity of creation who was connected to the god of the wind (Ehecatl) as well as the planet Venus. In addition, Quetzalcoatl was revered as the god of wisdom and the arts.
كويتزالكواتل – Quetzalcoatl
|Quetzalcoatl, God of Wind and Wisdom|
|أسماء أخرى||الآلهة: Ehecatl, Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, كولكولكان (Maya) Nicknames: ‘Feathered Serpent’, ‘Precious Twin’|
|مركز العبادة الرئيسي||معبد الثعبان الأزغب، تيوتيهواكان|
Archaeologist Karl Taube has proposed that the Teotihuacan iconographic depictions of the feathered serpent represent a symbol of fertility and internal political structures. This is in contrast to the War Serpent, which represents the outwards military expansion of the Teotihuacan empire. Taube’s argument is based on the iconographic depictions of the War Serpent found in Teotihuacan.
Represent the heavens, similar to how the god Quetzalcoatl, who is depicted as a feathered serpent, does so.
Etymology. The Nahuatl phrases for the quetzal bird and the word ″coatl,″ which means snake, were combined to create the Nahuatl name Quetzalcoatl, which translates to ″Feathered Serpent.″ Quetzalcoatl, in contrast to the more recent gods of the Aztec pantheon, shared his name with the feathered serpent deities of the K’iche’ Maya and the Yucatec Maya.
Along with the gods Tlaloc, Tezcatlipoca, and Huitzilopochtli, Quetzalcoatl was considered to be one of the most significant deities in the Aztec pantheon. Quetzalcoatl’s ally Tlaloc, also known as the deity of rain, and Quetzalcoatl’s twin and psychopomp, Xolotl, also known as the dog-headed soul-guide for the deceased, are two of the other gods that are symbolized by the planet Venus.
The deity of storms and precipitation, Quetzalcoatl is also credited with creating both the Earth and humankind. Since the year 1200, the feathered serpent deity has been revered in Central Mexico as the patron god of priests, merchants, scholars, scientists, farmers, artisans, and artists. He is also known as the god of study, science, and agriculture.
In some traditions, the worship of Quetzalcoatl involved the sacrificing of animals, while in others, it was believed that Quetzalcoatl was opposed to the sacrificing of humans. It was common practice for Mesoamerican priests and rulers to adopt the name of a god with whom they were linked. As a result, Quetzalcoatl and Kukulcan are both names that have been given to historical figures.
Is Quetzalcoatl a beneficent or malevolent being?The Aztecs did not view Quetzalcoatl as either beneficent or malevolent.Because of his role as the creator, he was responsible for both life and death; hence, the people felt compelled to sacrifice humans in order to appease him and win his favor.Maize was a staple meal in the area, and it is believed that Quetzalcoatl was the one who first introduced it there.
Tlaloc, whose name translates from Nahuatl as ″He Who Makes Things Sprout,″ Aztec rain god. At the very least, depictions of a deity of rain with a bizarre mask with enormous round eyes and long fangs date back to the Teotihuacán civilisation, which was prevalent in the highlands (3rd to 8th century ad).
The advent of the Toltec civilisation about the year 900 A.D. carried the cult of Quetzalcoatl throughout the area, all the way down to the Yucatan peninsula, where it was adopted by the Maya. This coincided with the growth of the religion throughout the region.
The Ophis Pterotes, also known as the Winged Serpent, were a species of feathery-winged snake that served as a guardian in the Arabian frankincense plantations. They were also known as Ophies Amphipterotoi, which literally translates to ″Serpent with Two-Pairs of Wings.″
Advertisement. The word ″rock,″ ″nochtli,″ which refers to the prickly-pear cactus, and ″tlan,″ which is the locative suffix, all contributed to the naming of the city.
The talud is covered in andesite slabs that have been carved in relief, and the name of the structure comes from the eight undulating figures of feathered serpents that form frames for carved glyphs that contain both Maya and Southern Highland Zapotec calendrical figures as well as seated personages wearing Maya-style headdresses.