The Maya civilization (/ ma /) was a Mesoamerican civilization that was developed by the Maya peoples.It is known for its logosyllabic script, which was the most advanced and highly developed writing system in pre-Columbian Americas, as well as for its art, architecture, mathematics, calendar, and astronomical system.The Maya peoples developed this civilization over a period of several thousand years.
Of all the ancient civilizations that once thrived in Mesoamerica, the Maya are undoubtedly the most well-known. Around 2600 B.C., they made their first appearance in the Yucatán region of what is now southern Mexico, Guatemala, northern Belize, and western Honduras. They grew to prominence around the year 250 A.D. in these areas.
Around the year 250 A.D., the Maya started building their civilisation throughout a territory that was roughly the size of Texas and was located in what is now Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Belize, and parts of southern Mexico. This region is known as the Maya lowlands.
Around 1800 B.C. marks the beginning of the Preclassic Period, also known as the Formative Period. This is when the earliest Maya villages were established. Agriculture was used by the early Maya, who cultivated maize (corn), beans, squash, and cassava, among other foods (manioc).
Location of the Maya in Geographical Terms In general, the Maya region is split up into three distinct zones: the southern Maya highlands, the middle Maya lowlands, and the northern Maya lowlands. All of the mountainous regions in Guatemala, as well as the highlands of Chiapas, are included in the southern Maya highlands.