The Nazca Lines are a collection of enormous geoglyphs, which are drawings or motifs carved into the ground. They may be found on the Peruvian coastal plain around 400 kilometers (250 miles) south of Lima, the capital city of Peru.
The environment of the Nazca area is unusually dry, windless, and relatively stable, all of which have contributed to the excellent preservation of the lines. The average annual temperature in this desert is around 25 degrees Celsius (77 degrees Fahrenheit), making it one of the driest places on Earth.
|Coordinates: 14°49′44″S 74°56′37″W|
Nazca is located in the Atacama desert, approximately 450 kilometers (280 miles) south of Lima, the capital city of Peru. The Nazca Lines that have received the greatest attention are those that have been cut into the earth on a vast plain that is close to the city.
There, we are going to investigate the Nazca Lines! Dry desert plains may be found around 400 kilometers south of Lima, the capital city of Peru. The basin of the Rio Grande de Nazca river is the name given to this region. There is an annual average of less than one inch of precipitation.
The Nazca wanted to show their reverence for the natural world and pay homage to their gods, particularly those who controlled the weather, which was particularly important to the Nazca’s ability to practice successful agriculture in the dry plains of Peru. This may be the most obvious purpose of the lines.
Between the years 200 BCE and 600 CE, the Nazca civilisation thrived along the coast of Peru’s southernmost region. Cahuachi and Ventilla, respectively, were their most important religious and urban centers when they established their homes in the Nazca Valley and the other valleys in the surrounding area.
The Nazca Lines were produced by removing a layer of ruddy stones off the surface of the earth in order to expose a ground that was whiter below. Where in the world, in the modern day, was the Inca Empire established? The majority of Inca ceramics was painted with scenes from mythology and figures associated with several religions. Mayans are responsible for the creation of the Nazca lines.
Since the 1920s, when Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Mejia Xesspe first found enigmatic lines etched into the terrain, this location has been of interest to historians. He discovered these lines while working in the region.
The lines were discovered in an area of Peru that is around 320 kilometers (almost 200 miles) southeast of Lima, close to the contemporary town of Nasca. There are over 800 straight lines, 300 geometric figures, and 70 animal and plant designs, which are also referred to as biomorphs. In all, there are over 800 straight lines.
Geoglyphs known as the Nazca Lines may be seen throughout southern Peru. These enormous designs date back more than two thousand years when they were found in the 1920s, but it is unknown what they represent or why they were drawn.
The polychrome pottery of the Nazca civilization included at least 12 different hues of paint, making it a defining characteristic of the society. The transition from painting ceramics with post-fire resin to painting ceramics with slip before firing signified the end of the Paracas pottery style and the beginning of the Nazca pottery style.
The surface of the desert has been eroded over the course of thousands of years, so when the rocks that were on top were removed, a lighter, sand-colored rock was uncovered. We are able to make out lines on this rock that is bright in hue. The lines have been kept for a length of time ranging from 500 to 2000 years as a result of the dry climate.
Nazca is the name given to a culture that existed along the southern coast of what is now Peru during the Early Intermediate Period (sometime between 200 BC and 600 AD). This culture was named after the Nazca Valley, although it also included the Pisco, Chincha, Ica, Palpa, and Acar valleys.
Squatters provide the greatest danger to Peru’s historic and heritage sites, as the country’s Ministry of Culture claims to receive between 120 and 180 reports of unlawful encroachments every year. In the end, the Nazca Lines have succumbed to the same fate as so many other historical sites: they have been ruined by their own reputation.
The Nazca Geoglyphs may be found in the province of Nasca, which is under the jurisdiction of the Ica Department. In Google Earth, the coordinates of the location are as follows: 14 degrees 43 minutes 00 seconds south 75 degrees 08 minutes 00 seconds west.