The Andean mountains of Peru were the birthplace of the Inca civilisation, which flourished there sometime in the early 13th century.In 1572, the Spanish were successful in capturing its final remaining bastion.Between the years 1438 and 1533, the Incas successfully absorbed a significant chunk of western South America, concentrated on the Andean Mountains.This was accomplished via a variety of means, including military conquest and peaceful absorption.
South American Indians who, at the time of the Spanish conquest in 1532, ruled an empire that extended along the Pacific coast and Andean highlands all the way from the northern border of modern-day Ecuador to the Maule River in the center of Chile. The Inca, who are also spelled as Inka, are known by both of these spellings.
In pre-Columbian America, the Inca Empire, also known as the Inka Empire (Quechua: Tawantinsuyu), held the title of the biggest empire. The administrative, political, and military heart of the empire was at the city of Cusco, which is located in what is now the country of Peru.
The Inca civilisation reached its height between the years 1400 and 1533 CE and flourished in ancient Peru.The Inca empire ultimately included all of western South America, reaching all the way from Quito in the north to Santiago in the south.It is the biggest empire that has ever existed in the Americas, and it is also the largest empire that has ever been elsewhere in the globe at that time.
A wide coastal desert, the rocky peaks of the Andes Mountains, and the thick Amazon Jungle were some of the natural impediments that the Inca had to contend with.
The Sacred Valley of the Incas, also referred to as the Urubamba Valley, is situated in the Andes Mountains of present-day Peru, in the area of Cusco.Both names refer to the same valley.This rich valley is nourished by the Urubamba River, which flows through it from Pisac all the way to Ollantaytambo.Between the years 500 and 900 CE, the Qotacalla civilisation was established in the Sacred Valley.
At its height, the Inca Empire included much of what is now the countries of Peru, western Ecuador, western and southern Bolivia, northwest Argentina, a significant chunk of what is now Chile, and southwest Colombia. Inca empire.
|Government type||Divine, absolute monarchy|
|1471 – 1493||Túpac Inca Yupanqui|
|1493 – 1527||Huayna Capac|
|1527 – 1532||Huáscar|
Machu Picchu is an Inca fortress that dates back to the 15th century and is situated in the Eastern Cordillera in southern Peru on a mountain crest that is 2,430 meters high.
The winters in Inca are long, cold, windy, and partially overcast, while the summers are brief, warm, humid, dry, and largely clear. In contrast, the summers are mostly cloudy. The temperature seldom drops below 33 degrees Fahrenheit or climbs over 92 degrees Fahrenheit during the course of a year, although it frequently ranges from 40 degrees Fahrenheit to 86 degrees Fahrenheit.
The Andes Mountains were the Inca people’s home. South America’s Pacific coast is bounded on its western side by the Andes Mountains, which run the whole length of South America’s western coast. The Andes are the tallest mountains in the Americas, and the plateaus that divide them are likewise located at very high elevations.
The Inca Empire, which had its capital in Cusco, covered an area that stretched from what is now Chile to what is now Colombia. The Inca culture was highly developed, and the empire’s varied climates allowed for the cultivation of around seventy distinct plant species.
They did not make their homes in the cities, but they traveled there frequently for rituals and celebrations associated with their religion. They spent the most of their waking hours working and lived in cottages in the countryside that did not have windows. On the other hand, the Inca empire was completely reliant on them. In addition to this, the Inca were excellent growers.
In the middle of the 15th century, it is thought that Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, the ninth Inca king, was responsible for the construction of Machu Picchu. As a builder of empires, Pachacuti was responsible for the beginning of a series of conquests that would eventually lead to the expansion of the Inca kingdom over South America, all the way from Ecuador to Chile.
The Inca were once a little tribe who gradually expanded their territory and influence to include the entire coast of South America, from Colombia to Argentina. People remember them for the contributions they made to religion and architecture, as well as the well-known road network they established throughout the region.
The Dragonflight Experience in World of Warcraft: The Loop
|Founding Order||City Name||Notes|
|1||Cusco||Present-day Cusco, capital of Cusco Region, Peru|
|2||Tiwanaku||Ancient pre-Inca culture present in Peru and Bolivia|
|3||Machu||‘City’ version of Machu Picchu|
|4||Ollantaytambo||City in Cusco Region, Peru|