South American Indians who, at the time of the Spanish conquest in 1532, ruled an empire that extended along the Pacific coast and Andean highlands all the way from the northern border of modern-day Ecuador to the Maule River in the center of Chile. The Inca, who are also spelled as Inka, are known by both of these spellings.
The Incas were a sophisticated people that lived in South America. Their territory covered what is now Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, and even some of Argentina and Chile’s northern regions. They were known for their complex culture. Cusco, in present-day Peru, was nonetheless the site of the Inca capital.
Stone dwellings of varied sizes were typical for Inca society. All of them were constructed in the Andes, on relatively level plateaus. Their temples, on the other hand, were constructed atop circular mounds that had been created by the Inca and resembled a tilted cylinder. A plateau could be found at the very summit.
A wide coastal desert, the rocky peaks of the Andes Mountains, and the thick Amazon Jungle were some of the natural impediments that the Inca had to contend with. What is meant by the term ″natural barrier″? The Andes Mountains, which are the second biggest mountain range in the world, are where the Inca civilisation had its start.
Between the years 1438 and 1533, when the Spanish first landed in South America, the Inca Empire was at its height of power and prosperity on the continent. From from the year 1200 until the year 1438, the Incas were thought of as a tribe that eventually developed to inhabit an area that was approximately 800,000 square kilometers (308,882 square miles) in size.
The Incas were an ancient civilisation that flourished in South America and were founded by Amerindians of the Quechua ethnic group.In the year 1400 A.D., they were a tiny tribe that lived in the highlands.One hundred years later, in the early 16th century, the Incas came to power and formed the great Inca Empire by conquering and controlling the biggest empire that the Americas had ever seen.
Today, the people who speak Quechua and live in the middle Andes, the majority of whom are farmers, are considered to be Inca descendants. The descendants of the Incas make up over half of the people in the country of Peru.
At its height, the Inca Empire included much of what is now the countries of Peru, western Ecuador, western and southern Bolivia, northwest Argentina, a significant chunk of what is now Chile, and southwest Colombia. Empire of the Incas
|Government type||Divine, absolute monarchy|
|1471 – 1493||Túpac Inca Yupanqui|
|1493 – 1527||Huayna Capac|
|1527 – 1532||Huáscar|
How many individuals served as Inca rulers? From their first settlement in Cusco and under the leadership of Manco Cápac, historians believe that there were a total of 18 governors. Out of them, eight served as Inca rulers during the pre-imperial era, six were Inca emperors, and four were in charge of the Inca insurrection at Vilcabamba.
Daily life in the Inca empire was characterized by strong family relationships, agricultural labor, sometimes enforced state or military service for males, and occasional lighter moments of festivities to celebrate important life events in the community and highlights in the agricultural calendar. This was all part of the Inca empire’s agricultural society.
During the 12th century A.D., the Inca initially made their appearance in what is now the southeast region of Peru. Some versions of their origin stories state that the sun god Inti was responsible for their creation. In these versions, Inti is said to have dispatched his son Manco Capac to Earth via the midst of three caverns in the settlement of Paccari Tampu to bring the Incas with him.
They constructed water storage cisterns as well as irrigation canals that zigzagged and slanted their way down and around the mountains. In addition to this, they hacked terraces into the hillside, beginning in the lowlands and working their way up the slopes.
The winters in Inca are long, cold, windy, and partially overcast, while the summers are brief, warm, humid, dry, and largely clear. In contrast, the summers are mostly cloudy. The temperature seldom drops below 33 degrees Fahrenheit or climbs over 92 degrees Fahrenheit during the course of a year, although it frequently ranges from 40 degrees Fahrenheit to 86 degrees Fahrenheit.
It is generally agreed that the Inca Empire got its start at the city of Cuzco, which is located in what is now the southernmost part of Peru.
Machu Picchu, which can be found tucked away in the rocky countryside to the north-northwest of Cuzco in Peru, is thought to have been either a royal estate or a sacred religious site for Inca leaders. However, the Inca civilization was almost entirely eradicated by Spanish invaders in the 16th century.
The Inca Empire, which had its capital in Cusco, covered an area that stretched from what is now Chile to what is now Colombia. The Inca culture was highly developed, and the empire’s varied climates allowed for the cultivation of around seventy distinct plant species.