The Nazca Lines, pronounced /naezk/, are a collection of geoglyphs that were carved into the ground in the Nazca Desert in southern Peru. Nazca Lines.
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Location||Southern Peru, South America|
|Criteria||Cultural: i, iii, iv|
|Inscription||1994 (18th Session)|
If you want to have the finest possible perspective of the Nazca lines, it is highly advised that you set aside some money in your budget for a flight. However, this does not imply that you should completely avoid the website if you are trying to cut costs in any way. Even if you are not interested in the view from the observation tower, it is nevertheless recommended that you stop by.
The Nazca Lines saw the very first incidence of rain damage ever documented in the year 2009. Sand and clay were deposited on three of the fingers of the hand-shaped geoglyph by heavy downpours that were running off of the Pan-American Highway. The Pan-American Highway is a network of roadways that connects practically all nations in the Americas with a Pacific coast.
The depictions of around 70 different animals and plants in the Nazca Lines, some of which are as long as 370 meters (1,200 feet), are perhaps what bring the most attention to this archaeological site. Some examples are a dog, a flower, a tree, a reptile, a monkey, a whale, a llama, a spider, a hummingbird, and a plant that looks like a cactus.
The reason for the Nazca Lines.Research that was conducted more recently showed that the purpose of the Nazca Lines was connected to water, which is a precious commodity in the dry regions that are found in the Peruvian coastal plain.The geoglyphs were not employed as part of an irrigation system or as a guide to find water; rather, they were included in a ceremony that was performed to the gods in an effort to bring about much-needed rain.
The Nazca Geoglyphs may be found in the province of Nasca, which is under the jurisdiction of the Ica Department. In Google Earth, the coordinates of the location are as follows: 14 degrees 43 minutes 00 seconds south 75 degrees 08 minutes 00 seconds west.
You can get a bird’s-eye view of them from the air, but it’s also feasible to see them without having to board an aircraft at all! You Might Also Be Interested in: Ica in a Day, the Ideal Itinerary.
Once you get at Nazca, the only way to see the lines is to take a fly or to ascend the neighboring observation tower. Neither option is particularly appealing. The first important factor to consider is how much money you have available. Flying is without a doubt the best option since it enables one to have a bird’s-eye perspective of the most significant etchings.
According to research conducted by scholars, the Nasca people, who lived in the area from from 1 AD to 700 AD at the height of their civilization, were responsible for drawing the lines. It is possible that members of the Chavin and Paracas civilizations, who existed before the Nazca people, were also responsible for the creation of some of the geoglyphs.
Research that was conducted more recently showed that the purpose of the Nazca Lines was connected to water, which is a precious commodity in the dry regions that are found in the Peruvian coastal plain.The geoglyphs were not employed as part of an irrigation system or as a guide to find water; rather, they were included in a ceremony that was performed to the gods in an effort to bring about much-needed rain.
Flying over the Nazca Lines is by far the most common choice, as well as the method that provides the finest view of the famous geoglyphs. The cost of a flight lasting half an hour can range anywhere from $70 to $100, depending on the time of year and how well you can haggle. In addition to that, you will be required to pay an extra tax of S/30 at the airport.
To go to the Nazca Lines from the airport, you’ll need to travel into either Lima or Cusco in Peru. Because of Cusco’s high altitude, most tourists choose to arrive in Lima instead and then trek to Machu Picchu via the Gringo Trail, which travels via Nazca on its route.
Aeroparacas is one of many airlines that offers flights over the Nazca Lines, and they all have offices in the city of Nazca. The flight takes around half an hour. The journey from Lima to the Nazca Lines is, by far, the most common one taken by tourists. How to Get from Lima to Nazca provides further information on the trip.
The lines were discovered in an area of Peru that is around 320 kilometers (almost 200 miles) southeast of Lima, close to the contemporary town of Nasca. There are over 800 straight lines, 300 geometric figures, and 70 animal and plant designs, which are also referred to as biomorphs. In all, there are over 800 straight lines.
To get a good view of the lines, you’ll need to take a short flight out of one of the three airports in the area: Nazca, Pisco, or Ica.The Nazca airport is the one that is located closest to the Nazca lines.It takes around three and a half hours to drive to Pisco, which is the nearest airport to Lima; alternatively, there are a few commercial flights that go from Cusco to Pisco.
Nearly 500 square kilometers, or 190 square miles, is the total area that contains the 300 different figures, lines, and forms. The iconic Nazca condor, the hummingbird, the pelican, the shark, the bird, the fish, the spider, the lizard, the parrot, the flamingo, the iguana, the dog, the llamas, the jaguar, the fox, the whale, and the monkey are some of the zoomorphic characters.
Maria Reiche, a renowned archaeologist, developed various hypotheses on the formation of the lines. The Nazca constructed their lines using wooden posts that were tied together with rope. They placed the stakes in a line in order to use them as a guide. They were able to create exceedingly lengthy lines and forms by using this approach, which allowed them to repeat the procedure.