They were discovered in 1927 by the Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Meja Xesspe, who was strolling through the foothills when he came across them.In 1939, he presented his ideas on the subject at a symposium in Lima.It is generally accepted that Paul Kosok, an American historian from Long Island University in New York, was the first academic to conduct an in-depth investigation of the Nazca Lines.
The Nazca people are responsible for the creation of a variety of different shapes, including a humanoid figure known as ″The Astronaut,″ hands, and several portrayals that cannot be identified.
Straight lines, geometric patterns, and pictorial representations are the three fundamental categories of Nazca Lines that have been discovered.
Since their discovery in the 1920s by the Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Mej’a Xesspe, the Nazca Lines have remained shrouded in enigma.
According to research conducted by scholars, the Nasca people, who lived in the area from from 1 AD to 700 AD at the height of their civilization, were responsible for drawing the lines. It is possible that members of the Chavin and Paracas civilizations, who existed before the Nazca people, were also responsible for the creation of some of the geoglyphs.
The Nazca culture, also known as the Nasca culture, is an archaeological civilisation that thrived from around 100 BC to 800 AD in the river basins of the Rio Grande de Nazca drainage and the Ica Valley. This culture was located along the arid coast of Peru’s southern coast.
The Nazca Lines have confused the globe since Peruvian archeologist Toribio Mejia Xesspe discovered them in the 1920s. Now they are back in the spotlight after Greenpeace activists attached a remark to the iconic geoglyphs during recent climate negotiations.
Due to the fact that there is very little precipitation, wind, and erosion, the exposed designs have remained mostly intact for anywhere between 500 and 2000 years. The majority of the lines, it is believed by scientists, were drawn by the Nasca people, who were at the height of their civilization from about 1 AD to 700 AD.
The Nazca Lines were produced by removing a layer of ruddy stones off the surface of the earth in order to expose a ground that was whiter below. Where in the world, in the modern day, was the Inca Empire established? The majority of Inca ceramics was painted with scenes from mythology and figures associated with several religions. Mayans are responsible for the creation of the Nazca lines.
Maria Reiche, a renowned archaeologist, developed various hypotheses on the formation of the lines. The Nazca constructed their lines using wooden posts that were tied together with rope. They placed the stakes in a line in order to use them as a guide. They were able to create exceedingly lengthy lines and forms by using this approach, which allowed them to repeat the procedure.
Research that was conducted more recently showed that the purpose of the Nazca Lines was connected to water, which is a precious commodity in the dry regions that are found in the Peruvian coastal plain.The geoglyphs were not employed as part of an irrigation system or as a guide to find water; rather, they were included in a ceremony that was performed to the gods in an effort to bring about much-needed rain.
THE NAZCA Lines, located in Peru, are thought by many people to be landing grounds for extraterrestrial UFOs. Astronaut Ivan Vagner captured some breathtaking images of the lines when he was in orbit. The Nazca Lines are a series of unexplained lines or geoglyphs that have been carved into the ground around 300 kilometers (190 miles) south of Lima in Peru.
According to the findings of researchers, the Nazca people of Peru, who are famous for their enormous line drawings on a desert plateau that are fully visible only from the air, set the stage for their collapse around the year 500 by deforesting the plain, which allowed flood-free rein through the Rio Ica valley. These drawings are only fully visible from the air.
The Nazca were successful in cultivating a variety of crops throughout the region because of the puquois.Maize, often known as corn, beans, and squash were considered to be staples.In addition to it, fish, peanuts, sweet potatoes, and cassava were on their diet.Their non-edible crops included gourds, cotton, and the coca plant, which was used to make cocaine.
The Nazca civilisation was a prosperous culture that existed along the coast of southern Peru between the years 200 BCE and 600 CE. Cahuachi and Ventilla, respectively, were their most important religious and urban centers when they established their homes in the Nazca Valley and the other valleys in the surrounding area.
Near Nazca, Peru, an aerial perspective of the Nazca Lines. Even though parts of the Nazca Lines certainly predate the Nazca and are thought to be the work of the older Paracas civilisation, the majority of the Nazca Lines were made by the inhabitants of the Nazca culture more than 2,000 years ago. This society flourished from from 200 BCE to 600 CE.
Kosok provided evidence of the culture’s advanced water management practices, which enabled their towns to thrive. While he was studying the Nazca Lines, he realized that certain patterns within the lines represented live organisms, while other lines were tied to astronomical phenomena.