Near Nazca, Peru, an aerial perspective of the Nazca Lines. Even though parts of the Nazca Lines certainly predate the Nazca and are thought to be the work of the older Paracas civilisation, the majority of the Nazca Lines were made by the inhabitants of the Nazca culture more than 2,000 years ago. This society flourished from from 200 BCE to 600 CE.
Because of the book ″Chariots of the Gods,″ the majority of people are familiar with the Nazca Lines and the accompanying geoglyphs that may be seen in the Nazca or Nasca plain area of Peru, which is located south of Lima.According to the author of this book and others, the lines and geoglyphs were either created by extraterrestrial beings from another planet or for extraterrestrial ″gods.″
History. Maria Reiche, a German mathematician and archaeologist, joined him in his investigation to try to figure out what the Nazca Lines were meant to represent. They argued that one of the oldest motivations for the development of the figures was for them to serve as markers on the horizon in order to show where the sun and other celestial bodies rose on key days.
Given their enormous scale, the Nazca Lines, which date back some 2,000 years and were created by an ancient civilisation in South America known as the Nazca people, can only be completely understood when viewed from the air. The Nazca Lines represent a variety of plants, animals, and forms.
The Nazca people are responsible for the creation of a variety of different shapes, including a humanoid figure known as ″The Astronaut,″ hands, and several portrayals that cannot be identified.
The majority of the lines, it is believed by scientists, were drawn by the Nasca people, who were at the height of their civilization from about 1 AD to 700 AD. Certain regions of the pampa have the appearance of a chalk board that has been heavily used, with lines that overlay one another and patterns that are cut through with straight lines that have both ancient and more recent roots.
The Nazca wanted to show their reverence for the natural world and pay homage to their gods, particularly those who controlled the weather, which was particularly important to the Nazca’s ability to practice successful agriculture in the dry plains of Peru. This may be the most obvious purpose of the lines.
After discovering the Nazca Lines by foot in 1927, the Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Meja Xesspe is credited with being the first person to investigate and publish findings on the lines. Then, as a result of a rise in air travel in the 1930s, these lines eventually became more well-known and now draw a significant number of visitors every year.
According to research conducted by scholars, the Nasca people, who lived in the area from from 1 AD to 700 AD at the height of their civilization, were responsible for drawing the lines. It is possible that members of the Chavin and Paracas civilizations, who existed before the Nazca people, were also responsible for the creation of some of the geoglyphs.
The Nazca Lines were produced by removing a layer of ruddy stones off the surface of the earth in order to expose a ground that was whiter below. Where in the world, in the modern day, was the Inca Empire established? The majority of Inca ceramics was painted with scenes from mythology and figures associated with several religions. Mayans are responsible for the creation of the Nazca lines.
Research that was conducted more recently showed that the purpose of the Nazca Lines was connected to water, which is a precious commodity in the dry regions that are found in the Peruvian coastal plain.The geoglyphs were not employed as part of an irrigation system or as a guide to find water; rather, they were included in a ceremony that was performed to the gods in an effort to bring about much-needed rain.
They were discovered in 1927 by the Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Meja Xesspe, who was strolling through the foothills when he came across them.In 1939, he presented his ideas on the subject at a symposium in Lima.It is generally accepted that Paul Kosok, an American historian from Long Island University in New York, was the first academic to conduct an in-depth investigation of the Nazca Lines.
Nazca is the name given to a culture that existed along the southern coast of what is now Peru during the Early Intermediate Period (sometime between 200 BC and 600 AD). This culture was named after the Nazca Valley, although it also included the Pisco, Chincha, Ica, Palpa, and Acar valleys.
A number of the figures, including those of a spider, a monkey, a dog, a little reptile, a hummingbird, a condor, and an astronaut, stand out. Prof. German Paul Kosok, together with Peruvian archeologists Julio C. Tello and T., were the first people to conduct a scientific investigation of the Nazca Lines.
The Nazca Geoglyphs may be found in the province of Nasca, which is under the jurisdiction of the Ica Department. In Google Earth, the coordinates of the location are as follows: 14 degrees 43 minutes 00 seconds south 75 degrees 08 minutes 00 seconds west.
Between the years 200 BCE and 600 CE, the Nazca civilisation thrived along the coast of Peru’s southernmost region. Cahuachi and Ventilla, respectively, were their most important religious and urban centers when they established their homes in the Nazca Valley and the other valleys in the surrounding area.
Researchers from Yamagata University in Japan identified 143 geoglyphs by doing fieldwork and analyzing high-resolution 3D data. The final glyph was identified with the use of artificial intelligence developed in collaboration with IBM Japan.