The Inca Civilization was an agricultural society that reached its peak around the year 1500 AD and had a population of more than 10 million people. It possessed a sophisticated hierarchical society that was vertically stratified, and the Inca and his kin ruled it. They practiced a polytheistic religion in common, with the worship of the Sun and the Sapa Inca as the Sun’s son at its center.
There was no liberty for the regular people.They were forbidden by Inca rule to go on any of the roadways.They were forbidden by law to sit about doing nothing.They were only allowed a short amount of time each day to do activities like as washing, eating, and sleeping; the remaining time had to be spent working.The common people lived and labored in close quarters with one another in small groups or units.
Agriculture was the backbone of the economy, and corn (also known as maize), white potatoes, sweet potatoes, squash, tomatoes, peanuts (also known as groundnuts), chili peppers, coca, cassava, and cotton were the primary crops grown. They bred dogs, guinea pigs, ducks, llamas, and alpacas as well as other animals. Cotton and wool from llamas were used to make clothes.
Inca.The Inca initially made their appearance in the Andes area during the 12th century A.D.They eventually developed a huge kingdom by relying on the military might of their emperors.This allowed them to dominate the region.The Inca state, also known as Tawantinsuyu, extended all the way from the north of Ecuador to the middle of Chile and had a population of about 12 million people who belonged to over a hundred distinct ethnic groups.
The Inca civilization is famous for many things, including the creation of the largest empire that the Americas have ever seen, the development of innovative agricultural techniques, and the development of art and architecture that were notable for their unique combination of geometric stonework and natural scenery.
Daily life in the Inca empire was characterized by strong family relationships, agricultural labor, sometimes enforced state or military service for males, and occasional lighter moments of festivities to celebrate important life events in the community and highlights in the agricultural calendar. This was all part of the Inca empire’s agricultural society.
There was a clear hierarchy in Inca society. The power of the emperor was enforced by stringent and sometimes oppressive restrictions with the assistance of a bureaucracy of aristocratic officials. Both Inca technology and architecture were quite advanced, despite the fact that they were not particularly innovative.
One of the most influential civilizations that existed in pre-Columbian America was the Inca Empire. The years 1438 through 1533 were a period of relative prosperity for the empire. The Incas are revered for their contributions to the world in the fields of building, agricultural innovation, communication, and record-keeping.
In spite of the fact that they never discovered the wheel or had access to it, the Incas constructed hundreds of miles of well-paved walkways and roads that traveled along, up, and over some of the highest peaks in the Andes mountain range. In point of fact, it is believed that they constructed a total of almost 18,000 kilometers of roadways across their civilisation!
Were the Inca people a peaceful people? Before conquering an area, the Incas tried to assimilate its inhabitants peacefully through trade and other diplomatic means. On the other hand, in the event that they encountered opposition, they would integrate the new region by coercion. The harshness of their legislation was unparalleled.
Tlachtli, a version of the Mesoamerican ballgame, was one of the games that the Inca peoples participated in for recreation and amusement purposes. They also have games involving dice and
The most typical layout for an Inca home was a rectangular structure with a thatched roof, and it often only had a single chamber. Stone or adobe was the typical material used for the construction of the walls (a claylike material). The stone blocks were cut in such a way that they were completely compatible with one another, eliminating the need for cement.
According to Elward, ″the majority of those who are still living in the towns of San Sebastian and San Jeronimo, Cusco, Peru, at the current time are perhaps the most homogenous group of Inca descent.″
The Incas were able to build parts of the mountain that were suited for farming by carving flat planes into the rock. These regions are able to survive the challenges that are typical of mountain climates since they are surrounded by stone walls. The Incas were able to cultivate, and they also had domesticated types of plants that were better able to survive in severe environments.
The Inca and Aztec civilizations had many similarities with one another.The management of resources and products formed the foundation of their society, and agriculture was the driving force behind their economy.Both the Incas and the Aztecs began as small, clan-based societies, but over time they expanded into powerful empires.Both of these civilizations have their roots in far more ancient cultures that came before them.
Infrastructure consisting of roads and bridges. The Incas were superb builders and architects. They constructed a network of roads and bridges that traversed the most treacherous terrain in the Andes. The Incas were able to ensure a limitless supply of physical labor because to their system of communal labor and the most advanced controlled economy of its time.