What are the similarities between Harappa and Mohenjo-daro?
The Indus river valley civilization is a theocracy government and a theocracy is run by a priest so that means their religion was very important to them. In ancient Indus karma played a big role in their laws.
With no evidence of kings or queens, Mohenjo Daro was likely governed as a city-state, perhaps by elected officials or elites from each of the mounds.
Even though the Indus River Valley civilization’s government is somewhat of a mystery, we do know that they had some what of a central government, because of the lay out of the city that was so much the same between all of the cities.
The economy of the Harappan civilization was based on domestic animals, particularly on zebu cattle, and on variable agriculture of growing cereals, pulses and other plants.
Mohenjo-daro was built in the 26th century BCE. It was one of the largest cities of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, also known as the Harappan Civilization, which developed around 3,000 BCE from the prehistoric Indus culture.
Some historians believed the Indus civilisation was destroyed in a large war. Hindu poems called the Rig Veda (from around 1500 BC) describe northern invaders conquering the Indus Valley cities. In the 1940s, archaeologist Mortimer Wheeler discovered 39 human skeletons at Mohenjo-Daro.
Harappa was the centre of one of the core regions of the Indus Valley Civilization, located in central Punjab. The Harappan architecture and Harappan Civilisation was one of the most developed in the old Bronze Age.
The type of government that the city of Mohenjo-Daro had was never exactly determined, but evidence does show that there were no head of the government like a king or queen. It is strongly believed that they were ruled through city-states with specific officials from each different mound.
What evidence suggests that the Indus valley cities were run by a strong central government? They had an advanced irrigation system that is spread throughout the city.
Harappa and Mohenjo Daro were expertly planned cities built with a grid pattern of wide, straight streets. Thick walls surrounded the cities. The ancient people of the Indus River Valley had a highly advanced knowledge of mathematics and a sophisticated system of weights and measures.
The economy of the Indus civilization was based on animal husbandry, particularly of zebu cattle, and on arable agriculture, growing cereals, pulses, and other plants. These were supplemented by the exploitation of wild resources, such as fish.
The economic condition of the Harappan people was quite good. Their affluence was due to agriculture, animal husbandry, industry, trade and commerce. These made them prosperous and opened for them the avenues of a comfortable life.
The prosperity of the Harappan civilization was based on its flourishing economic activi- ties such as agriculture, arts and crafts, and trade. The availability of fertile Indus alluvium contributed to the surplus in agricultural production.