The Aztecs were very inventive and produced a wide variety of useful instruments. The Aztecs carved doors with the use of primitive woodworking tools made of pine and oak, among other types of wood. The Aztecs created highly intricate sculptures, and each one of those carvings had its own unique significance.
It is also thought that the Aztecs employed sleds, levers, and ropes to lift bigger objects. Additionally, it is believed that the Aztecs constructed their buildings using basic tools such as chisels, stones, and blades. Due to the ease with which it could be carved, a kind of volcanic rock known as tezontle was selected for use in the construction of their foundations.
The city of Tenochtitlan is an additional illustration of Aztec technology in the field of architecture. This city was divided into four parts, and each of those portions had its unique architectural significance. In addition, the Aztecs constructed two enormous aqueducts, which supplied the metropolis of Tenochtitlan with the clean water it required for their bathing practices.
Even though they had received metal artefacts from other peoples, the Aztecs did not originally use metal working as a method of production. Despite this, the technology began to expand as the conquerors acquired control of regions with metal producing industries. A method for smelting bronze appeared to be in its infancy at the time of the Spanish conquest of the Americas.
The entire process of manufacturing stone tools out of obsidian and putting those tools to use was linked with a variety of gods (Pastrana, 1998, p. 190). Those Aztec miners who worked in underground quarries to extract obsidian were shielded from harm by the deity Ehecatl-Quetzalcoatl.
Atlatls, also known as dart throwers, had a range of up to 150 meters and were the most famous of the Aztecs’ long-range weapons (picture 1). In prehistoric periods, people in North America utilized it as a hunting tool for the first time.
The bow and arrow used by the Aztecs was known as a tlahhuitolli. It was comparable to the bow and arrows used by most other cultures, and Aztec soldiers would carry a quiver containing around 20 arrows.
This ″obsidian chainsaw,″ as it’s often now called, was likely the most feared weapon wielded by Aztec warriors both before and during the era of Spanish conquest in Mesoamerica beginning in the 15th century. It was used both before and during this time period because of its ability to cut through obsidian like a chainsaw.
Obsidian was the most common type of lithic material, which refers to a type of stone, that was used for cutting in Aztec culture. These activities included the manufacture of household food, the manufacturing of crafts, hunting, and rituals.
The chinampa and the terracing were the two primary agricultural practices that the Aztecs utilized in order to produce all of their food. The Chinampas were basically raised bed gardens that were constructed as artificial islands on the surface of the shallow waters of Lake Texcoco.
Warriors of the Aztec culture were equipped with projectile weapons such as bows and arrows so they could strike their foes from a distance. They also carried melee weapons for use when armies joined forces against one another.
During the time that they were in power, the Aztecs farmed vast tracts of land. Corn, beans, and squash were the three most important foods in their diet. They added chiles and tomatoes to these ingredients. They also gathered a species of crayfish-like critter called an acocil, which is common in Lake Texcoco, as well as a type of algae called spirulina, which they baked into cakes.
The Aztecs had a sophisticated mathematical system for calculating distances, lengths, and land area. Their technological breakthroughs were mostly geared toward applications in practical settings, such as farming and construction. The Aztecs constructed, carved, and sculpted objects out of stone and wood using tools made of obsidian and copper.