Hernan Cortes, a Spanish conqueror, and his army successfully overthrew the powerful Aztec Empire in the years 1518–1521, making it the first empire of its kind to fall in the New World. He was successful because to a confluence of factors, including luck, bravery, political skill, as well as superior tactics and weaponry.
Conquistadors from Spain led by Hernán Cortés formed an alliance with indigenous peoples in order to take Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city.
One of the most important milestones in the process of Spanish colonization of the Americas was the conquest of the Aztec Empire by the Spanish, which took place during the Spanish–Mexica War (1519–21).
The Spanish conquistadors, lead by Cortes, were the ones who first began exploring and observing the Aztec Empire.In their reports, the Spanish conquistadors regarded the Aztecs as a highly developed and well-organized civilisation.Cortes claimed that the city-states inhabited by the Aztecs were akin to those that existed on the Italian peninsula at his time in terms of their governments and organizational structures.
Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire, was taken by the Spanish in 1521, which was less than two years after Hernándo Cortés and other Spanish conquistadors set foot in the city for the first time on November 8, 1519. How was it that Cortés was able to depose the Aztecs from their imperial capital?