Following the Spanish Conquest of America Following Tahuantinsuyu’s collapse, the newly installed Spanish authorities mercilessly suppressed the native population as well as their traditions.The Inca people had a highly developed agricultural system, but it was deliberately eradicated along with many other parts of their society.The Inca mita system, which required individuals to do forced public duty, was exploited by the Spanish to actually labor the people to death.
The final Inca kings After an unsuccessful effort to retake the city from larger Spanish power during this time period, Manco withdrew to Vilcabamba and constructed the final Inca fortress there. Up to the year 1572, the Inca maintained their resistance against the totalitarian authority of the Spanish.
What Became of the Incas and Their Empire?Between the years 1532 and 1572, the Spanish under the leadership of Francisco Pizarro and his brothers were successful in their conquest of the Inca Empire.Even though the Incas put up a fight, they were ultimately defeated by the Spanish because to the effects of smallpox and civil strife, which also contributed to the devastation of much of the Inca culture.
In search of wealth, the Spanish adventurer Francisco Pizarro led an invasion of the Incan Empire in the year 1532.The Inca had previously had some interaction with Europeans, and a number of their people had perished as a result of illnesses brought over by the Europeans.A civil war that broke out between two brothers who were running the empire was another factor that contributed to its decline.Pizarro was able to influence the two opposing sides and ultimately triumph over both of them.
As a response, the Spanish priest urged the conquistadors to begin assaulting the Incan people, which is exactly what the conquistadors did. Over 2,000 members of the Inca culture perished as a direct result of the Spanish assault on the Incan people because the Incas were defenseless and unable to defend themselves.
The Spaniards were responsible for the destruction of a significant portion of the Incan civilization and for the introduction of the culture of Spain to the native inhabitants.A fight for control led to a protracted civil war between Francisco Pizarro and Diego de Almagro, which ultimately culminated in Almagro’s death.Pizarro emerged victorious from the conflict.Almagro’s devoted supporters and descendants subsequently exacted their revenge on Pizarro’s murder by taking his own life in 1541.
Emperor Huayna Capac took control of the Inca Empire in the year 1528. The invasion of the Inca Empire by the Spanish.
|Location||Western South America|
|Result||Decisive Spanish victory Inca Empire destroyed Last Inca emperor Atahualpa executed Resistance broke out but ultimately destroyed|
|Territorial changes||Former Inca lands incorporated into the Spanish Empire|
Francisco Pizarro catches Incan ruler Atahualpa The Inca people were slaughtered by Pizarro’s troops, and Atahualpa was captured and coerced into converting to Christianity before he was eventually put to death. By the year 1532, the Inca Empire was immersed in a civil war that had killed off a significant portion of the population and split the allegiances of the people.
The Inca empire came to an end in 1572 when the final Inca fortress was uncovered. At that time, Tpac Amaru, Manco’s son and the last monarch, was kidnapped and killed, bringing an end to the Inca empire.
Although the decline of the Incan Empire can be attributed to a number of factors, such as the introduction of new diseases and technological advances in armament, the adept political maneuvering of the Spanish was a significant contributor to the collapse of this once-mighty empire.
The transmission of illness The most common causes of mortality among the Inca population were influenza and smallpox, and both diseases did not discriminate between the nobility and the common people; they struck both.
After first coming into contact with Europeans, the Inca people saw a sharp and precipitous drop in numbers. This fall was mostly the result of illnesses and diseases like as smallpox, which is believed to have been brought to the area by colonists and conquistadors.
Pizarro and his soldiers were able to systematically gain control of Inca country because they were intelligent and had access to contemporary weaponry.This allowed them to do so.In 1532, Francisco Pizarro, together with his brothers and 168 Spanish troops, defeated the Inca king Atahualpa and seized Peru, bringing an end to the rule of the Inca Empire.This marked the beginning of the Spanish conquest of South America.
Peasants living in the Andes today who communicate in Quechua and make up around 45 percent of Peru’s total population are believed to be direct descendants of the Inca. They employ basic, age-old technologies in conjunction with their agricultural and herding practices.
The Inca constructed some of the most sophisticated aqueducts and drainage systems in pre-Columbian America, in addition to the most extensive road network. They were also the first to develop the process of freeze-drying food and the rope suspension bridge, both of which they developed independently of any outside influence.
How did the Incas put down rebellion among the many tribes? They could assassinate their chief or compel the entire tribe to relocate to a distant location. The Incas cherished the belief that each Sapa Inca continued to reign over the territories he had conquered even after he had passed away.
Why did the Spanish want to take control of the Inca Empire? They had heard that the Inca possessed a significant amount of gold. What is the most important thing that people in the Quechua faith worship? How did the Quechua language make its way from the Amazon to the rest of the Andes?
What kind of impact did the Spanish conquest of Peru have on the Inca civilisation? The traditional way of life was kept alive. The number of people living in Inca fell throughout time. The trading with neighboring tribes flourished.
In the year 1532, the Spanish launched their invasion of the Inca Empire, and in the year 1572, they successfully took control of the final Inca fortress.