During the time that they were in power, the Aztecs farmed vast tracts of land. Corn, beans, and squash were the three most important foods in their diet. They added chiles and tomatoes to these ingredients. They also gathered a species of crayfish-like critter called an acocil, which is common in Lake Texcoco, as well as a type of algae called spirulina, which they baked into cakes.
Corn, often known as maize, was the most important staple food for Aztec civilisation. This grain was so essential to their way of life that it even featured prominently in their mythology. It was the food that, similar to wheat in a significant portion of Europe or rice in the majority of East Asia, was required for a meal to be considered complete.
The cocoa bean was considered an extremely valuable commodity in Aztec society. In point of fact, the bean was utilized as cash in Aztec culture in addition to being consumed as food. Or, in this instance, something to drink.
In addition, the Aztecs would combine the beans with other components, including vegetables, to form a soup or stew. The Aztecs supplemented their diet of beans and corn with meat on occasion.
The three items that were considered to be staples were maize, beans, and squash, to which nopales and tomatoes were typically added. Both pepper and salt could be found everywhere. The majority of an Aztec person’s diet consisted of fruits and vegetables, but they also occasionally ate honey bees, dogs, turkeys, ducks, and other types of domesticated birds and animals.
Food & Drink The domesticated animals available to the Aztecs consisted mostly of dogs, turkeys (totolin), ducks, and honey bees.As a result, the majority of the Aztec diet consisted of fruits and vegetables.Fish, salamanders, algae (which was used to create cakes), frogs, tadpoles, and insects were all significant sources of food for these people.Game, in particular rabbits, deer, and wild pigs, was particularly abundant.
Commoners in Aztec society were provided with two meals a day.After working for a few hours in the morning, they sat down to their first meal, which was typically a maize porridge flavored with chiles or honey or sometimes tortillas, beans, and sauce.They consumed the meal that was considered to be the most important of the day when the temperature was at its peak, which was in the early afternoon.
Beans and corn were staples in the Aztec diet for the vast majority of the population. They got their protein by eating insects, such as ants and grasshoppers, and on sometimes worms as well. Beans were typically served as a side dish with an Aztec dinner, which consisted of anywhere from two to three tortillas on average.
In the marketplaces of Tenochtitlan, an Aztec who was starving had the option of purchasing tacos loaded with vegetables (beans, squash, tomato, and nopal cactus), meat (dog, rabbit, turkey, and eggs), or the unusual wealth of the lake itself (water-insects, amphibians, algae).
An assortment of domestic items, including as pottery, bone needles, obsidian blades, musical instruments fashioned from human and canine bones, the bone of a carved deer, and the bones of turkeys and dogs that were used as meals, have been discovered in the region. The Aztecs did, in fact, consume dog meat.
It is believed that the Aztecs only attempted to domesticate ducks and turkeys as their sole livestock species. There is also evidence that they consumed domesticated canines, but the majority of their other meat was obtained by hunting. This included deer and rabbits, in addition to iguanas, gophers, frogs, tadpoles, and insects.
Over an open flame was how the Aztecs prepared their meals. When they wanted to boil anything or make a stew, they would suspend cooking pans over the fire in the hearth. Tamales and other foods were also steamed by them.
The most prevalent beverages consisted of water, maize gruels, and pulque (iztc octli), which is the fermented juice of the century plant (known as maguey in Spanish). In addition, there were a wide variety of fermented alcoholic beverages produced from honey, cactus, and a variety of fruits.
The Aztecs elevated the appreciation of chocolate to a whole new level.They thought that their gods had bestowed cocoa to them as a gift.They utilized cacao beans as payment to buy food and other items, similar to the Mayans, and they appreciated the caffeine boost that hot or cold, spiced chocolate beverages in ornate vessels provided.However, unlike the Mayans, these people also consumed chocolate beverages.
In addition to eating corn directly off the cob, Aztecs made a soup out of the kernels of corn that they named pozole. In order to make what were known as tamales in Aztec culture, the corn meal dough was typically blended with beans and vegetables before being wrapped in corn husks and cooked.
It is believed that the Maya, Aztecs, Huastecs, and other societies from ancient Mesoamerica were the first people to consume pulque, an alcoholic beverage. It is produced in a manner comparable to that of beer by fermenting the juice or sap of the maguey plant (Agave americana).