Many historians initially believed that the Aztecs or the Mexica were merely another Central American tribe that had perished as a result of European diseases such as smallpox.DNA evidence, on the other hand, has led to the discovery of fresh information on the factors that led to the demise of 80 percent of the Aztecs.After extracting DNA from Aztec molars, researchers discovered a strain of Salmonella that had been there all along.
The Aztecs suffered from the effects of smallpox in more ways than one. To begin, it directly caused the death of a significant number of its victims, mainly newborns and young children.
The Florentine Codex depicts Aztec people suffering from smallpox as a result of the disease.When European explorers arrived in the New World during the Age of Exploration, they brought with them a large number of different diseases that were not already present in the New World.These diseases included: smallpox, influenza, measles, malaria, chicken pox, and yellow fever.In addition, they brought with them a variety of animals that carried these diseases.
The Guardian (U.K.) A pyramid built by the Aztecs in Mexico. The collapse of the Aztec nation occurred in the year 1545, which is roughly equivalent to 473. People started experiencing high fevers and headaches at the same time. They began bleeding from the lips, the nostrils, and the eyes not long after that. Then, they both passed away.
People started experiencing high fevers and headaches at the same time. They began bleeding from the lips, the nostrils, and the eyes not long after that. Then, they both passed away. By the year 1550, the Aztec population had been reduced by 15 million people, or 80 percent of its original size.
Now, after over 500 years have passed, there may be a solution to the mystery. The natives of the area referred to the sickness as ″cocoliztli,″ which in the Nahuatl language of the Aztecs translates to ″pestilence.″
Within five years, an epidemic that the natives referred to as ″cocoliztli″ was responsible for the deaths of as many as 15 million people, which is equivalent to an estimated 80 percent of the population. In the Nahuatl language of the Aztecs, the term translates to ″plague.″ However, the reason behind it has been debated for about half a millennium now.
The cocoliztli pandemic, also known as the great plague, occurred in New Spain during the 16th century and was responsible for the deaths of millions of people. This unexplained ailment was marked by high fevers and bleeding and was responsible for the outbreak. Cocoliztli is the Nahualtl word for ″plague,″ which is what the Aztec people named it.
During those months, the smallpox epidemic that had been brought to the Aztecs by the Spanish was responsible for the deaths of almost fifty percent of Tenochtitlan’s population, including the Aztec monarch Cuitláhuac. Cuauhtémoc was elevated by the Aztecs to the position of tlatoani.
Before the advent of Europeans, the illness known as smallpox was not only unheard of in Mexico, but it was also unheard of across the rest of the Americas. It was brought to the territories that are now part of Mexico by the Spanish, and it was a crucial factor in the collapse of the Aztec Empire.
Only a little amount of meat was consumed on a daily basis; the Aztec diet was predominantly vegetarian, with the exception of grasshoppers, maguey worms, ants, and other types of larvae.
By the 1500s, they had not only survived, but even triumphed over their adversaries, and they were making every effort to ensure that they would not be forced to regress. They conquered their neighbors, at first the various ethnic groups that lived in the central core of Mexico, and subsequently far further away, by employing both their intelligence and their physical might.
Aztecs did not had any protection to the illnesses brought by Europeans. The indigenous people were ravaged by a smallpox epidemic that greatly reduced their capacity for resistance against the Spanish. The epidemic decimated the Aztec people, causing a significant drop in their population and causing an estimated fifty percent of the people living in Tenochtitlan to perish.
In the past, the successful conquest of the Mexican Aztec and Peruvian Inca empires by a handful of Spanish conquistadors led by Hernando Cortes and Francisco Pizarro, respectively, resulted in large part from epidemics of smallpox and measles virus infection that decimated the native defenders. These epidemics occurred during the 15th and 16th centuries.
Shortly after the arrival of the Spanish in Mexico in 1519, smallpox wiped off anywhere from 5 million to 8 million Aztecs.
More than three million Aztecs perished as a result of the smallpox epidemic; with such a severely depleted population, it was very simple for the Spanish to conquer Tenochtitlán.
The 5,000 Incans were massacred by Pizarro’s troops in less than an hour.Pizarro was the only Spanish person to experience an injury; he got a cut on his hand as he was trying to save Atahualpa from certain death.Pizarro held Atahualpa in custody after realizing that the Inca Emperor was originally more useful to him alive than dead.This allowed Pizarro to make preparations to take over the Inca Empire.
The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.
What caused the Aztecs to go extinct? Researchers Have Discovered Some New Leads. Salmonella might have been a contributing factor in an epidemic that occurred in the 16th century and claimed the lives of millions of people. Aztecs living in what is now the southern region of Mexico were affected by a devastating epidemic from 1545 to 1550.
The decline and fall of the Aztec empire. After a protracted siege of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan, which took place in 1521, Spain was finally successful in subduing the Aztec people. During the siege, a large portion of the population perished as a result of starvation and disease.