The Cheyenne people have a tribe name that they obtained from their Siouian allies around the 1500s, when they all lived in what is now Minnesota at the time. The term ″foreign speakers″ refers to tribes who speak Algonquian and was used by the Sioux to refer to these tribes.
The Cheyenne refer to themselves as the Tsitsistas, which translates as ‘Like-Hearted People’ in English. The term ‘Cheyenne’ is most likely derived from a Sioux Indian phrase that literally translates as ‘those speaking a foreign language.’ They fought alongside the Arapaho and the Lakota in the infamous Battle of Little Big Horn against George Custer and the United States Army.
Synopsis and Definition: The Cheyenne tribe of the Great Plains was a powerful and resourceful nation that violently fought European encroachment on Native American territories. Names such as Dull Knife, Chief Roman Nose, Little Rock, Morning Star and Black Kettle were used to describe some of the most prominent leaders of the Cheyenne tribe.
Traditional Cheyenne religion was centered on two primary deities: the Wise One Above and a divinity who resided under the earth’s surface. Aside from that, there were four spirits that resided in the four corners of the world. The Sun Dance was done by the Cheyenne in a highly complex manner.
Tsistsistas is a Cheyenne term that literally translates as ″Human Beings″ or ″The People.″ The Cheyenne are derived from an ancient Algonquian-speaking tribe known as the Chaa, who lived thousands of years ago.
The tribe’s name is ‘Tsis tsis’tas’ (pronounced Tse-TSES-tas), which translates as ‘the lovely people.’ In all, 10 bands of Cheyenne people live throughout the Great Plains, from southern Colorado to the Black Hills of South Dakota. They are known as the Cheyenne Nation.
Unlike the other Great Plains tribes, the Cheyenne were able to continue trading relationships with European settlers. Trading contacts with Europeans provided the Cheyenne with a significant edge over the other Great Plains tribes in that they supplied them with access to guns and horses, which they were unable to obtain from their own people.
According to tribal history, the Cheyenne were driven from the Great Lakes region to present-day Minnesota and North Dakota by the Assiniboine (Hóheeheo’o – ‘wrapped ones or swaddled’, derived from the Lakota/Dakota word Hóhe, meaning’rebels’) during the 17th century. They established villages in present-day Minnesota and North Dakota.
The Cheyenne’s ancestors The Dakota Indian shaiyena, which comes from the word shaia, is the source of the word (to speak unintelligibly). The name is derived from a group of Algonquian Indians, as well as from a river and a city in the area where they lived.
Today’s Cheyenne People There are now 11,266 enrolled members of the Cheyenne tribe, which includes individuals living both on and off reservations. In Wyoming, there are 7,502 individuals who live on the Tongue River Indian Reserve (Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation), while in Oklahoma, there are 387 people who live on the Cheyenne and Arapaho reservation.
They finally became nomadic buffalo hunters after the year 1760. Approximately 1830, a sizable portion of tribal members opted to move on the upper Arkansas River and take advantage of the trading opportunities provided by Bent’s Fort, causing the tribe to separate. The Southern Cheyenne were a tribe of Cheyenne that lived in the southern United States.
Cheyenne Warrior Culture is characterized by its speed and ferocity. Tribes were continually at odds with one another, forming rivalries, and dealing with the growing settlements that were pressing even further westward. So, tribes like the Cheyenne developed a robust warrior culture, but not as war-makers, but rather as defenders, providents, and benevolent figures.
They were not farmers at this period, but rather subsisted on fishing, hunting, and foraging for wild plant items to supplement their diet. They were said to be dwelling near a vast body of water, according to legend. There was, however, a period of widespread illness during which the people were forced to flee their homes and go south.