The falling apart of the empire The fall of the Aztec Civilization may be attributed to a number of different causes, including the practice of human sacrifice, the spread of illness, and the conquest of Mexico by the Spanish.
Aztecs did not had any protection to the illnesses brought by Europeans. The indigenous people were ravaged by a smallpox epidemic that greatly reduced their capacity for resistance against the Spanish. The epidemic decimated the Aztec people, causing a significant drop in their population and causing an estimated fifty percent of the people living in Tenochtitlan to perish.
What Events Led to the Decline and Fall of the Aztec Empire? The Spanish conquest of Central America was ultimately responsible for the downfall of the Aztec empire. After an initial violent encounter in the year 1517, a Spanish army led by Hernan Cortes arrived in the year 1519 to totally subdue the Aztec people.
The Fall of the Mayan, Aztec, and Inca Empires in South America The Mayans, the Aztecs, and the Incas were the three civilizations that held sway over Central and South America during the time period between 250 and 1500 AD. Their demise was brought on by a wide variety of diverse factors.
According to Aztec mythology, the current era of the 5th sun will ultimately end, just as the four eras that came before it had done, and this prophecy was proven to be accurate when it came to pass. After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed.