The Aztecs were skilled builders who created a wide variety of buildings, including pyramids, ball courts, plazas, temples, and dwellings, among other sorts of constructions. On the other hand, the Aztecs acknowledged the Toltec to be a significant source of inspiration for their own architectural style.
The architecture that was employed in the pyramids of Aztec civilization was derived from that of earlier civilisations, but the Aztecs put their own twists to it.In the year 1325, they established their metropolis of Tenochtitlan, and soon after, they began construction on some of the most impressive Aztec structures in the area.This includes the temples and palaces of the Aztecs in addition to other types of constructions.
Stone, sand, wood, clay, and lime were some of the other common building materials found in the area.Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire, was known for having outstanding architecture, which the Spanish conquistadors noted and wrote about as well.At the very heart of the city was a magnificent plaza that was encircled on all sides by various religious structures, administrative high-rises, and marketplaces.
In Mesoamerican culture, and particularly among the Aztecs, temples were regarded as a means of drawing one step closer to the divine. The Aztec people constructed a great number of pyramids and temples, the most notable of which are the Templo Mayor, the biggest temple, and the Sun and Moon Pyramids, both of which are still standing today.
The Hueyi Teocalli, also known as the Great Temple, was a massive structure that was topped by a wash basin. The height of this temple ranged anywhere between 100 and 80 meters, and it was the tallest structure in all of Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The following are examples of Aztec architectural sites:
The word that most accurately describes the architecture of the Aztecs is ″monumental.″ Its mission was to demonstrate authority while maintaining a firm adherence to deeply held religious ideas at the same time. The architecture of the temples, shrines, palaces, and even regular residences all bear witness to this fact.
The architecture of the Aztecs was substantially impacted, in a significant way, by the Toltec culture. Approximately between the years 900 and 1168 CE, a Mesoamerican civilisation known as the Toltecs flourished in the heart of modern-day Mexico.
Canoes were converted into barges by the Aztecs so that they could transport heavy building materials across great distances to their construction sites. Stones would be quarried and shaped at the quarry site in order to limit the amount of material that needed to be transported and the associated transport costs.
Aztec Architecture Every structure and temple was constructed by hand, one stone at a time, using only natural materials. The pyramid temples that had two staircases and were oriented such that the sun would rise in the west were the finest.
Chinampas, also known as floating gardens, were constructed by the Aztecs in an inventive manner in order to turn the marshy wetlands of Lake Texcoco into fertile farmland so that they could feed their huge population. These floating gardens were a work of technical art in their own right.
As the empire expanded, the need for more food sources also increased. This sometimes included the conquest of more territory, while other times it entailed the expansion of the chinampa system. The chinampas system was rather vast, and these water-based gardens were an important part of the Aztecs’ ability to sustain themselves.
In any case, the Mayans probably already possessed advanced kilns by the year 300 BCE, which they used to transform limestone into cement. After that, both the Mayans and the Aztecs came up with a method that involved employing mortared block walls that were thinner and filled with cast-in-place concrete made with a coarse limestone aggregate (basically, big gravel).
The Aztecs also constructed a significant number of canals all over the city. People were able to freely travel in boats all across the huge metropolis because to the canals, which functioned like roadways on the water. The city had been meticulously designed and was organized in the form of a grid, which made it simple to move about within the metropolis.
What exactly was the causeway used by the Aztecs? And it was much simpler to transport the large rocks from the offshore islands to the mainland at Tenochtitlan (city that the Aztecs lived in).