It is believed that the Nazca lines date back to the period between 200 BC and 500 AD. During this historical period, the Nazca people were the dominant culture in the area. In their prehistoric society, the ancient Nazca people utilized engineering ways to raise water to the surface so that it could be used for agricultural reasons.
Straight lines, geometric patterns, and pictorial representations are the three fundamental categories of Nazca Lines that have been discovered.
Maria Reiche, a renowned archaeologist, developed various hypotheses on the formation of the lines. The Nazca constructed their lines using wooden posts that were tied together with rope. They placed the stakes in a line in order to use them as a guide. They were able to create exceedingly lengthy lines and forms by using this approach, which allowed them to repeat the procedure.
The majority of the lines, it is believed by scientists, were drawn by the Nasca people, who were at the height of their civilization from about 1 AD to 700 AD. Certain regions of the pampa have the appearance of a chalk board that has been heavily used, with lines that overlay one another and patterns that are cut through with straight lines that have both ancient and more recent roots.
The Nazca Lines have been organically maintained because to the dry environment of the region and the winds that blow sand out of the grooves that make up the lines. The archaeological site of Nazca was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List in the year 1994.
The Nazca Lines were produced by removing a layer of ruddy stones off the surface of the earth in order to expose a ground that was whiter below. Where in the world, in the modern day, was the Inca Empire established? The majority of Inca ceramics was painted with scenes from mythology and figures associated with several religions. Mayans are responsible for the creation of the Nazca lines.
″ (1968) that these lines were a landing spot for UFOs and that the ancient inhabitants thought extraterrestrial beings to be ‘alien gods.″ Similar assumptions are used in other alien-related ideas, such as the one that suggests the shapes were created by aliens and that they were used to maneuver their spacecraft and as landing pads.
The one that is the longest is more than 100 meters long. The enigma surrounding the Nazca Lines’ intended purpose contributes to the phenomenon’s allure as a tourist attraction. Erich von Däniken, a Swiss author, proposed the idea that they may have been used as landing strips for extraterrestrial beings in his best-selling book ″Chariots of the Gods?″ which was published in 1968.
Squatters provide the greatest danger to Peru’s historic and heritage sites, as the country’s Ministry of Culture claims to receive between 120 and 180 reports of unlawful encroachments every year. In the end, the Nazca Lines have succumbed to the same fate as so many other historical sites: they have been ruined by their own reputation.
Some of the other Nazca Lines have representations of animals, such as monkeys, orcas, hummingbirds, and spiders. Some of the other Nazca Lines also feature geometric patterns and humanoid characters. The geoglyph, which has been dated to between 200 and 100 B.C., is believed to be older than any others that have been unearthed in the area in the past.
The polychrome pottery of the Nazca civilization included at least 12 different hues of paint, making it a defining characteristic of the society. The transition from painting ceramics with post-fire resin to painting ceramics with slip before firing signified the end of the Paracas pottery style and the beginning of the Nazca pottery style.
Between the years 200 BCE and 600 CE, the Nazca civilisation thrived along the coast of Peru’s southernmost region. Cahuachi and Ventilla, respectively, were their most important religious and urban centers when they established their homes in the Nazca Valley and the other valleys in the surrounding area.