Both the monarchs of the Mayan empire and many of the rulers of European empires used religious rituals and the justification of divine right to legitimate their control over their subjects.It is a religious philosophy of royal and political legitimacy that says that a royal is drawing his right to reign directly from the will of God and not to any earthly authority.The divine right of kingship is also known as the right of divine predestination.
How did the monarchs of the Mayan empire and the rulers of many of the Eurasian empires legitimize their positions of power? Both believed that their reign had been sanctioned by the gods and that they could trace their ancestry all the way back to the celestial beings.
The control of a city was inherited from generation to generation, and the military and ecclesiastical authority were vested in the king.For a Mayan king, having the authority of religion and receiving heavenly blessing was of the utmost importance.Because Mayans frequently engaged in violent conflict in order to extend or protect their territories, it was expected of him that he would be a competent warrior.
Mayan kings often had unchecked power in all spheres of Mayan society, including the political, military, economic, and social spheres. They often monopolized essential resources like as trade channels, which assisted them in establishing and consolidating their authority. In addition, several Mayan cities were home to influential councils of noblemen who served alongside the king.
Due to the fact that Mayans adhered to a number of tenets associated with the practice of ancestor worship, even commoners buried their ancestors within their own homes, just beneath the floors.It was hoped that by doing this, the ancestor would remember the family even after they had passed away and would continue to watch over them from the celestial realm.The burial practices of Mayan kings were distinct from those of commoners.
Mayan kings were responsible for commissioning the majority of the Mayan civilization’s great building.When a new dynasty came to power in ancient Egypt, it was customary for them to legitimize their rise to the throne by commissioning the construction of a massive pyramid-temple in the capital city.Each individual Mayan city-state was governed by its own unique monarch, who enjoyed all of the customary rights and responsibilities accorded to a King or an Emperor.
Which of the following prevented the Mayans from constructing a major urban center? The Maya people chose to establish their civilization in an area that was hot, dry, devoid of navigable river systems, and extremely susceptible to storms. The civil conflicts that marked the collapse of the Han Empire made it difficult for ideas and religious beliefs to get to the east from the west.
Which of the following was NOT a reason that Constantine convened a council of all of the bishops to take place in Nicaea in the year 325 CE? He had the intention of bringing harmony to the many different ideas that existed throughout Christian communities.
Which of the following statements provides the most accurate description of the political system of the ancient Maya? The Maya culture resulted in the development of city-states that were both strong and autonomous. The Maya civilisation consisted of a variety of distinct groups that were all brought together by a single religion.
Which of the following most properly depicts a significant distinction between Christianity and Islam about the year 1000 CE? Christianity expanded inside an existing empire because its ruler was a follower of that faith, whereas Islam initially established an empire in order to propagate their religion.
Which of the following was not a common practice in Maya communities but was observed at Teotihuacan? sacrifices of warriors, nobles, or kings were a common part of these blood rites, which were performed with the intention of appeasing the gods.
Which of the following is considered to be the greatest enduring legacy of Emperor Justinian? The Christian church was instrumental in bringing about a cultural unity that was based on the authority of regional bishops operating under the oversight of the bishop of Rome.
How exactly did the adoption of Buddhism as the official religion of Japan help to reinforce the power of the Yamato shogunate? By establishing a connection between the Yamato and a religion that was practiced all the way from India to Korea.
Both the Abbasid rulers and the Roman emperors came to rely more on varied people located farther from the heart of their empires to man their armies. This is something that the Roman emperors did as well.
In the year 452, he led an invasion into northern Italy, which resulted in Valentinian III being forced to retreat to Rome. Attila made his way to Pope Leo I in the role of an ambassador after spending some time pillaging and burning towns in northern Italy.
The Mayans organized their society into a hierarchical system that was governed by kings and priests. They lived in self-governing city-states that were composed of big urban ceremonial centers and smaller rural settlements. Even though there were no permanent armies, combat was still a significant factor in matters of religion, power, and reputation.
Traditionally, the role of king was passed down from the eldest son to the next monarch. In the event that there was not a son, the position of king was given to the eldest brother. On the other hand, there are numerous examples of women holding positions of authority. The common people were required to contribute financially to the upkeep of the monarch and the aristocracy.
In the beginning, the Maya nations were ruled by chiefdoms that were quite straightforward. By the time of the Classic Period, Maya government took the form of powerful centralized leaders who legitimized their authority by their political ties as well as their divine lineages. This occurred during the Classic Period.
What factors led to the development of Buddhism and Christianity simultaneously? Both the Christian and Buddhist religions were led by monks, whose communities shielded them from the conflict that was all around them.
How did the link between religion and power develop differently in the case of Islam compared to Christianity? d) In order to assist the spread of their religion, supporters of Muhammad were required to found an empire, whereas Christians were able to inherit an empire once Constantine converted to Christianity.
Which of the following best characterizes the time period between 400 and 600 ce in central Asia? It came to serve as the central node in a network that connected South Asia to both the eastern and western parts of Afro-Eurasia.