In 1926, Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Mejia Xesspe was the first person to undertake a methodical investigation of the lines. However, due to the fact that the lines are very hard to recognize from ground level, they were not brought to the attention of the general public until after the invention of flight, namely by pilots of commercial aircraft flying over Peru in the 1930s.
They were discovered in 1927 by the Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Meja Xesspe, who was strolling through the foothills when he came across them.In 1939, he presented his ideas on the subject at a symposium in Lima.It is generally accepted that Paul Kosok, an American historian from Long Island University in New York, was the first academic to conduct an in-depth investigation of the Nazca Lines.
Since the 1920s, when Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Mejia Xesspe first found enigmatic lines etched into the terrain, this location has been of interest to historians. He discovered these lines while working in the region.
When exactly was it that they were ″discovered″?After discovering the Nazca Lines on foot in 1927, Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Mejia Xesspe was the first person to conduct an in-depth investigation of them and describe his findings.As a result of a rise in air travel in the region throughout the 1930s, the lines gained more notoriety and finally began to draw a consistent number of tourists.
In order to determine fresh dates for contexts linked with geoglyphs on high mesetas close to Palpa, the authors made use of optically stimulated luminescence dating on quartz that had been buried at the time that the stone lines were created. The researchers came to the conclusion that the stone lines at the sites in San Ignacio and Sacramento were built between the years 400 and 650 AD.
The Nazca Lines have been organically maintained because to the dry environment of the region and the winds that blow sand out of the grooves that make up the lines. The archaeological site of Nazca was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List in the year 1994.
Research that was conducted more recently showed that the purpose of the Nazca Lines was connected to water, which is a precious commodity in the dry regions that are found in the Peruvian coastal plain.The geoglyphs were not employed as part of an irrigation system or as a guide to find water; rather, they were included in a ceremony that was performed to the gods in an effort to bring about much-needed rain.
The Nazca Lines were produced by removing a layer of ruddy stones off the surface of the earth in order to expose a ground that was whiter below. Where in the world, in the modern day, was the Inca Empire established? The majority of Inca ceramics was painted with scenes from mythology and figures associated with several religions. Mayans are responsible for the creation of the Nazca lines.
Between the years 200 BCE and 600 CE, the Nazca civilisation thrived along the coast of Peru’s southernmost region. Cahuachi and Ventilla, respectively, were their most important religious and urban centers when they established their homes in the Nazca Valley and the other valleys in the surrounding area.
The Nazca wanted to show their reverence for the natural world and pay homage to their gods, particularly those who controlled the weather, which was particularly important to the Nazca’s ability to practice successful agriculture in the dry plains of Peru. This may be the most obvious purpose of the lines.
Squatters provide the greatest danger to Peru’s historic and heritage sites, as the country’s Ministry of Culture claims to receive between 120 and 180 reports of unlawful encroachments every year. In the end, the Nazca Lines have succumbed to the same fate as so many other historical sites: they have been ruined by their own reputation.
The polychrome pottery of the Nazca civilization included at least 12 different hues of paint, making it a defining characteristic of the society. The transition from painting ceramics with post-fire resin to painting ceramics with slip before firing signified the end of the Paracas pottery style and the beginning of the Nazca pottery style.
Since 2004, a group of Japanese researchers has discovered more than 140 new Nazca Lines carved into the deserts of southern Peru. With the use of artificial intelligence, the team was able to discover a Nazca Line that had been hidden from view for the first first time.
The idea that the lines had some kind of religious significance is the one that is held by the most people. The lines were sacrifices made to their gods, who, from their heavenly abodes, would have been able to observe the offerings. Others in the scientific community believe that these are holy paths that the ancient Nazca people trodden during the religious rites that they practiced.