Hernán Cortés and an allied army of other Native Americans defeated the Aztecs in 1521 and took control of their empire through a combination of siege warfare, psychological warfare, germ warfare, and direct combat. The germ theory was not established until 1560, so this was an unintentional result of Europeans coming to the New World.
Conquistadors from Spain led by Hernán Cortés formed an alliance with indigenous peoples in order to take Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city.
Invaders led by the Spanish adventurer Hernán Cortés toppled the Aztec Empire by force and seized Tenochtitlan in 1521, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last major native civilisation.
And yet Tenochtitlán was soon taken by the Spanish in 1521—less than two years after Hernándo Cortés and Spanish conquistadors first set foot in the Aztec capital on November 8, 1519. How did Cortés able to topple the seat of the Aztec Empire?
Within ten years, Cortés dominated all of Mexico for Spain. Present-day Mexico City spans the region where the Aztec capital once stood. Much of Aztec civilization was destroyed, although some relics are currently housed in museums. The Spanish adventurer Francisco Pizarro attacked the Incan Empire in 1532, seeking wealth.
Who Conquered it and who was the Key People Involved. The Spanish Conquistadors headed by Hernan Cortes conquered Mexico in April 1519. Cortes and his troops were shocked with the beauty and sophisticated design of the Aztecs, since they considered them as simple savages. At his arrival, native tribes opposed the conquistadors but they were eventually subdued.
The Aztecs no longer trusted Montezuma, they were low on food, and the smallpox pandemic was under way. More than 3 million Aztecs perished from smallpox, and with such a severely depleted population, it was simple for the Spanish to seize Tenochtitlán.
Between 1519 and 1521 Hernán Cortés and a small band of soldiers took down the Aztec empire in Mexico, and between 1532 and 1533 Francisco Pizarro and his companions overthrew the Inca empire in Peru. These victories set the framework for colonial governments that would change the Americas.
May 1521 Cortés starts an attack on Tenochtitlan, besieging the city with the help of thousands of allied indigenous warriors. August 1521 After demolishing Tenochtitlan, the Spaniards ultimately capture the emperor, Cuauhtémoc, putting an end to Aztec resistance from within the city.
The collapse of the Aztec Kingdom by Cortez and his expedition hinges on three factors: The fragility of that empire, the tactical advantages of Spanish technology, and smallpox.
Towards the close of the 15th century, an era of discovery and adventure began in Europe. In 1492, explorer Christopher Columbus discovered the islands today known as the Bahamas. This marked the beginning the Spanish invasion of the Americas.
After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed. The common people suffered from the illnesses brought by the Europeans, which killed out up to fifty percent of the population, and their new masters turned out to be no better than the Aztecs had been.
Any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, particularly in the 16th century in Mexico and Peru, is referred to as a conquistador. The word ″conquistador″ comes from the Spanish word ″conquista,″ which means ″conqueror.″
The peoples that the Spanish captured were treated in what manner? Inhumanely, the Spanish oppressed the native people and forced them to work on their ″encomienda″ farms, ranches, and mines.
In his pursuit of riches, glory, and deity, Cortes set his sights on the Aztec people. As a result of these factors, a significant number of individuals living in the Aztec Empire were miserable. A number of them provided assistance to the Spanish conquistadors during their conquest of the empire.
Even though the invading Spanish army were vastly outnumbered by the native people, they managed to conquer the Aztec and Incan civilizations in the early 1500s by sailing across the Pacific Ocean and landing on the other side of the continent. The contrasts in expertise and technology that existed between the two sides contributed, in part, to this victory.
The horrific sacrifices, religion, plagues, and the tactics utilized by the Spanish against the Aztecs were the four key causes that were visible in the demise of the Aztecs..
In 1521, a group of foreign invaders headed by the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés successfully destroyed the Aztec Empire and took control of Tenochtitlan, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great indigenous civilisation.
The Aztec people are said to have migrated from their native territory, which was known as Aztlan, to what is now the Mexican state of Mexico, according to their origin myth.Although it is not known for certain where Aztlan was located, a number of academics are of the opinion that the Mexica, who were known as such by the Aztecs, moved southward to the central region of Mexico in the 13th century.