It was recently estimated by Woodrow Borah, an expert on the demographics of ancient Mexico who works at the University of California, Berkeley, that the Aztecs slaughtered a total of 250,000 individuals per year.
According to Hassig, the event involved the sacrificial deaths of ″between 10,000 and 80,400 individuals.″ According to the more conservative estimate, there would be an average of 15 sacrifices each minute for the course of the four-day consecration.
During the inaugural ceremony, which lasted for four days, around 4,000 captives were executed in order to appease the gods of the Aztecs and maybe to terrify anybody who had even the remotest thought of posing a threat to this oppressive yet alluring American kingdom.
The assertions that the Aztecs or the Mexica offered their own leaders as sacrifices are without foundation, according to the scholars.There is no proof that they sacrificed their leaders or that they immolated anybody in times of sickness, despite the fact that this is a common accusation that can be found on the internet.It is also said that they did this when there was a famine or a pandemic.
Dr. Harner contended that the frequency of human sacrifices had reached such a high degree that it could not be rationalized only by reference to religious motivations. He hypothesized that the Aztecs had to resort to cannibalism in order to satisfy their appetite for protein since they did not have access to large domesticated animals like as cattle or pigs.
More than three million Aztecs perished as a result of the smallpox epidemic; with such a severely depleted population, it was very simple for the Spanish to conquer Tenochtitlán.
When European settlers came in North America, they brought with them infectious diseases to which the indigenous peoples had no immunity.Shortly after the arrival of the Spanish in Mexico in 1519, smallpox wiped off anywhere from 5 million to 8 million Aztecs.It is now believed that an altogether other sickness was responsible for the death of 15 million Aztecs and the collapse of their civilisation.
During the time that they were in power, the Aztecs farmed vast tracts of land. Corn, beans, and squash were the three most important foods in their diet. They added chiles and tomatoes to these ingredients. They also gathered a species of crayfish-like critter called an acocil, which is common in Lake Texcoco, as well as a type of algae called spirulina, which they baked into cakes.
Steel, sickness, organized alliances, and 16 horses were some of the advantages that the Spanish held against the Aztecs. Other advantages were firearms and armor.
No less than 200 gods and goddesses, split into three distinct categories, have been found by academics researching the religion of the Aztecs (also known as the Mexica). Each group is responsible for monitoring a different facet of the cosmos, including the heavens or the sky, the precipitation, fertility, and agriculture, and lastly, conflict and the offering of lives.
In the afterlife, they engaged in a battle with the sun through the use of human sacrifices. The Aztecs were concerned about what might happen after every 52 years. What steps may be taken to prevent such from happening? They would put out any sacred fires, destroy their furniture and possessions, and enter a state of sorrow at this time.
The Aztec Empire is one of the few earlier civilizations that required its citizens to receive an education both at home and at formal institutions of learning. No matter what their parents’ social standing was, whether they were aristocratic, common, or slave, each and every kid received an education.
Conquistadors from Spain led by Hernán Cortés formed an alliance with indigenous peoples in order to take Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec empire. The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city.
It is thought that the Aztecs engaged in a sort of ceremonial cannibalism in addition to cutting out the victims’ hearts and pouring their blood upon the altar of the temple. After the heads of the victims were removed, the bodies of the victims were most likely given as gifts to noblemen and other notable members of the community.
The Maya and the Aztecs each held sway over portions of the territory that is now Mexico. The Maya were more interested in scientific endeavors such as charting the constellations, in contrast to the Aztecs, who had a more violent and warlike lifestyle that included periodic sacrifices of human beings.
A few days later, her father made his way to Tenochtitlan, which was then the capital city of the Aztec empire. He anticipated having a conversation over the dowry that his daughter would bring to the marriage of the emperor’s son. After that, he learned that his daughter and several of her servants had been killed as a sacrifice to appease the appetites of the numerous Aztec gods.