At least 166 different gods and goddesses were recognized by the Maya, making their pantheon one of the most extensive in the world. This is due, in part, to the fact that each of the gods has several facets.
The Maya possessed a pantheon that ranged from 166 to 250 identified gods, and it was a dynamic and complicated system.
1. Itzamná (Itza) Itzamná was considered to be one of the most significant gods by the Maya since he was considered to be both the creator of the world and the controller of day and night.
Despite typically being portrayed as a toothless old man with a huge nose, Itzamna was the most significant god in Mayan religion. He was known as the ″Great Nose.″ However, first impressions aren’t always accurate. Itzamna, the deity of fire, is the offspring of the god Hunab Ku, the god of creation.
The Maya followed a polytheistic religion, similar to that of the Aztecs; but, in contrast to the Aztecs, the Maya did not worship a single deity, whereas the Aztecs regarded Huitzilopochtli as their primary deity. The Aztecs had a holy calendar consisting of 365 days that was utilized for agriculture, and their writing system was based on glyphs (symbols that stand for sound or words).
Huitzilopochtli, also spelled Uitzilopochtli, is the sun and war god of the Aztecs. He is also known as Xiuhpilli, which translates to ″Turquoise Prince,″ and Totec, which means ″Our Lord.″ Huitzilopochtli is one of the two primary deities in Aztec religion, and he is frequently depicted in art as either a hummingbird or an e
The Popol Vuh, also known as ″The Book of Council,″ tells the tale of two well-known Mayan demi-gods who go by the names Hunahpu and Xbalanque and are known as the Hero Twins.
Daily rituals were performed in Maya settlements to honor the natural deities.They spent a significant amount of time each day paying homage to their deities.The God of Rain, Lady Rainbow, the God of Maize (corn), and of course, the God of Sun were among their pantheon of deities.
Ix Chel is the Mayan name for the goddess of the moon. Ix Chel, also known as Ixchel, was a significant female deity in the pantheon of the Maya (dating back to both the Classic and Late Postclassic periods, around 250–1550 AD). She was also referred to as Goddess O and was occasionally related with Goddess I.
″GI,″ ″GII,″ and ″GIII.″ The three gods that were considered to be the protectors of the kingdom of Palenque were a sea god with a shell ear, a baby lightning god known as god K, and GIII, the god of fire who was also considered to be the protector of the number seven.
The Maya held a diverse pantheon of deities sacred to the natural world. It was believed that certain gods have greater significance and power than others. Itzamna was considered to be the most significant god in Maya religion. Itzamna, the deity of fire, is credited with the creation of Earth.
In Maya mythology, the act of tattooing was connected to the god Acat, who was known as the Tattooer. The Maya culture put a high value on the practice of tattooing because they believed that receiving a tattoo depicting a deity may endow a person with part of that deity’s power.
Mexico is the location of the Mayan civilisation’s oldest and biggest known structure, which was erected by the Mayan people. It is a massive elevated platform that is 1.4 kilometers in length and is given the name Aguada Fénix.
No less than 200 gods and goddesses, split into three distinct categories, have been found by academics researching the religion of the Aztecs (also known as the Mexica). Each group is responsible for monitoring a different facet of the cosmos, including the heavens or the sky, the precipitation, fertility, and agriculture, and lastly, conflict and the offering of lives.