Over 200 gods were revered by the Aztecs, and many of these gods possessed extraordinary abilities.Tlaloc, for instance, was a deity who was responsible for rain and lightning.He had the ability to strike humanity on earth with terrible storms.The Aztecs erected the Templo Mayor, also known as the ″Great Temple,″ in recognition of Tlaloc and Huitzilopochtli, another god who was associated with the sun and battle.
No less than 200 gods and goddesses, split into three distinct categories, have been found by academics researching the religion of the Aztecs (also known as the Mexica). Each group is in charge of a different facet of the cosmos, including the heavens or the sky, the rain, fertility, and agriculture, and lastly, conflict and the offering of lives.
Tlaloc, the god of rain, Huitzilopochtli, patron of the Mexica people, Quetzalcoatl, the feathered serpent, god of wind and learning, and Tezcatlipoca, the cunning and evasive god of destiny and fortune, were among the Aztecs’ most revered deities. Huitzilopochtli was also the god who protected the Mexica people. Tezcatlipoca was also associated with the use of magic and warfare.
The Aztecs practiced a polytheistic religion that was steeped in mythology and had a wide variety of ceremonies. Because of the nature of religion, they worshiped a wide number of gods, and each deity was connected with a particular set of characteristics and abilities. There were gods, of course, but there were also goddesses who had authority over particular facets of the natural world.
H. B. Nicholson (1971), an expert on Aztec religion, divided the gods into three categories based on the philosophical significance of their roles in Mesoamerican religion as a whole. The first group he identified was what he referred to as the ″celestial creativity—divine paternalism group.″ The second group consisted of the gods of the Earth’s mother, the gods of pulque, and Xipe Totec.
The number of gods in the Aztec pantheon rose as the Aztec Empire expanded and additional city-states became incorporated into the empire.This was due to the fact that gods from other cultures were also included in the Aztec pantheon.Because of this, a significant number of the gods that the Aztecs worshipped were really gods that had been adopted by the Aztecs from other civilizations and ancient Mesoamerican civilisations.
Tlaloc, the rain deity, Huitzilopochtli, patron of the Mexica tribe, Quetzalcoatl, the feathered serpent and god of wind and learning, and Tezcatlipoca, the cunning and elusive god of fate and fortune, were among the most significant gods in Aztec religion. Tezcatlipoca was also associated with the use of magic and warfare.
In the Aztec creation myth, Ometecuhtli was born of himself, and as a result, the androgynous being’s two genders played the roles of husband and wife to give birth to the other four major gods of the Aztec religion: Huitzilopochtli, Quetzalcoatl, Tezcatlipoca, and Xipe Totec. These gods, in turn, represented the four cardinal directions.
Although the Aztecs believed in a great number of deities, they gave the highest reverence to Huitzilopochtli, the deity of the sun and of battle.The ancient Aztecs had the belief that they were living in the period of the fifth sun and that the world may come to a terrible end at any moment.The humans offered up human lives as a type of sacrifice to the gods in the hope that this would placate them and buy them more time.
When the gods built creation out of Cipactli’s body, the Thirteen Heavens were produced out of its head. Tlalt’cpac, the earth, was made from its middle, and the nine levels of the underworld (Mictlan) were formed out of its tail. Both of these concepts may be found in Aztec mythology.
Kukulkan, often written K’uk’ulkan, is the name of a Mesoamerican snake deity that was worshipped by the Yucatec Maya people of the Yucatán Peninsula prior to the Spanish Conquest of the Yucatán. Kukulkan’s name means ″Plumed Serpent″ or ″amazing Serpent.″
Along with the gods Tlaloc, Tezcatlipoca, and Huitzilopochtli, Quetzalcoatl was considered to be one of the most significant deities in the Aztec pantheon.
Toxcatl, the fifth month of the ceremonial calendar, was the time when the most important ceremony for the cult of Tezcatlipoca was performed.At that time of year, the priest chose a young and gorgeous prisoner of war every year at that time.He pretended to be the deity for an entire year while living the lavish lifestyle of a royal.Four stunning young women clad in the garb of goddesses were selected to serve as his companions.
Coatlicue, Huitzilopochtli’s mother, is a facet of the Aztecs’ multidimensional earth goddess. She conceived Huitzilopochtli after having kept in her bosom a ball of hummingbird feathers (i.e., the soul of a warrior) that fell from the sky. Huitzilopochtli’s father, Huitzilopochtli, was the ruler of the Aztec empire.
Nahuatl was the language of the Aztecs, whereas Maya was spoken by the Mayans. Even their titles for God were distinct from one another. The Maya referred to him as Kukulcan, while the Aztecs dubbed him Quetzalcoatl.
In the year 1521, when the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés and his troops arrived in the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlán, they recalled seeing a gruesome ceremony. Aztec priests would cut open the chests of those who were being sacrificed using obsidian blades that were razor sharp, and then they would offer the gods the victims’ hearts while they were still beating.
MATOS MOCTEZUMA: The religion practiced by the Aztecs was predominately polytheistic. They worshiped a variety of gods, both male and female. Tonatiuh was the name of the sun deity. There were numerous gods, and they were honored during special celebrations once a month by presenting lavish sacrifices.
|Ethnic group||Aztec, (Mexica)|
|Parents||Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl (Codex Zumarraga)Mixcoatl and Coatlicue (Codex Florentine)|
In the afterlife, they engaged in a battle with the sun through the use of human sacrifices. The Aztecs were concerned about what might happen after every 52 years. What steps may be taken to prevent such from happening? They would put out any sacred fires, destroy their furniture and possessions, and enter a state of sorrow at this time.
The ancient Greek religion was founded on the idea that Mount Olympus in Greece was home to a pantheon of twelve gods and goddesses who presided over the cosmos from their thrones there.