How many Aztecs did the Spanish conquerors manage to kill?The destruction of Tenochtitlan Casualties and losses have occurred.from 450 to 860 in Spanish 20,000 Tlaxcaltecs 100,000 people were slain in battle, and 300 war boats were lost.
At least 40,000 Aztec citizens were slain and captured during the battle; other accounts indicate that between 100,000 and 240,000 Aztecs, including warriors and civilians, were murdered during the operation as a whole.
|Fall of Tenochtitlan|
|Casualties and losses|
|450–860 Spanish 20,000 Tlaxcaltecs||100,000 killed in action 300 war canoes sunk At least 40,000 Aztecs civilians killed and captured, other sources claim 100,000 to 240,000 were killed in the campaign overall including warriors and civilians|
By the year 1550, the Aztec population had been reduced by 15 million people, or 80 percent of its original size. Since the beginning of recorded history, researchers have been racking their brains to figure out how such a catastrophic catastrophe could have place and how it made its way to Mexico.
The Guardian (U.K.) An Aztec pyramid in Mexico. The collapse of the Aztec nation occurred in the year 1545, which is roughly equivalent to 473. People started experiencing high fevers and headaches at the same time. They began bleeding from the lips, the nostrils, and the eyes not long after that. Then, they both passed away.
The Spanish records pertain mostly to Tenochtitlan, which was the capital of the Aztec empire. Each of the 18 annual sacrifices involved around 60 people and took place at Tenochtitlan. Because each of the gods was honored with a human sacrifice in their name, the rituals surrounding the sacrifice differed greatly.
People started experiencing high fevers and headaches at the same time. They began bleeding from the lips, the nostrils, and the eyes not long after that. Then, they both passed away. By the year 1550, the Aztec population had been reduced by 15 million people, or 80 percent of its original size.
Within five years, an epidemic that the natives referred to as ″cocoliztli″ was responsible for the deaths of as many as 15 million people, which is equivalent to an estimated 80 percent of the population. In the Nahuatl language of the Aztecs, the term translates to ″plague.″ On the other hand, the reason for it has been debated for close to 500 years.
The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city. The triumph of Cortés brought to the fall of the Aztec empire, and the Spanish then started to cement their dominance over what would eventually become the province of New Spain.
They discovered that the civilization of the city had fallen apart. The Aztecs had lost faith in Montezuma, their food supply was running low, and an outbreak of smallpox had begun among them. More than three million Aztecs perished as a result of the smallpox epidemic; with such a severely depleted population, it was very simple for the Spanish to conquer Tenochtitlán.
Previous research has shown that typhus, smallpox, and measles might have been the diseases that led to the widespread death of Aztecs. Researchers at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) in Mexico City hypothesized in 2002 that the combination of a viral hemorrhagic fever and drought was responsible for the deaths of millions of Aztecs.
Only a little amount of meat was consumed on a daily basis; the Aztec diet was predominantly vegetarian, with the exception of grasshoppers, maguey worms, ants, and other types of larvae.
An anthropologist from New York has proposed that the Aztecs didn’t just sacrifice humans atop their holy pyramids for religious reasons; rather, they did so because they were forced to consume people in order to achieve the necessary amount of protein in their diet.
The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.
After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed. The common people suffered from the illnesses brought by the Europeans, which killed out up to fifty percent of the population, and their new masters turned out to be no better than the Aztecs had been.
At that time, it is thought that the Spanish had accumulated somewhere in the neighborhood of eight thousand pounds of gold and silver, in addition to a substantial amount of feathers, cotton, gems, and other items.
By the 1500s, they had not only survived, but even triumphed over their adversaries, and they were making every effort to ensure that they would not be forced to regress. They conquered their neighbors, at first the various ethnic groups that lived in the central core of Mexico, and subsequently far further away, by employing both their intelligence and their physical might.
Many people living within the Aztec Empire came to the conclusion that Cortés was actually the god Quetzalcoatl, who was destined to return and depose Tezcatlipoca, the god who required that humans be sacrificed to him.
Tenochtitlan, the capital city of the Aztec Empire, saw its greatest period of prosperity between the years 1325 and 1521 A.D., but it was conquered by Spanish invaders headed by Cortés less than two years after their arrival.
The Aztecs suffered from the effects of smallpox in more ways than one. To begin, it directly caused the death of a significant number of its victims, mainly newborns and young children.
In 1521, a group of foreign invaders headed by the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés successfully destroyed the Aztec Empire and took control of Tenochtitlan, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great indigenous civilisation.
Because the indigenous inhabitants of the Americas had no immunity to the European diseases, they were killed in their tens of millions by smallpox and other diseases that had recently been brought over by Europeans. Later, the viruses made their way to South America, where they contributed to the collapse and destruction of great empires such as that of the Aztecs and the Incas.