Even though they were outnumbered by a significant margin, he and a very small force marched on Tenochtitlan, where Montezuma honored their arrival. In return, Cortés captured Montezuma and held him captive. It took Cortés two years, but in August of 1521, he was eventually able to take control of the Aztec city.
The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city. The triumph of Cortés brought to the fall of the Aztec empire, and the Spanish then started to cement their dominance over what would eventually become the province of New Spain.
After the Spanish completed their conquest of Tenochtitlan in August of 1521, the Aztec Empire was no longer able to survive.In the past, the empire had been made up of several independent city-states that had either allied themselves with or been captured by the Mexica of Tenochtitlan.These city-states had paid homage to the Mexica while still retaining their own internal political systems.
The Empire of the Aztecs.By the beginning of the 16th century, the Aztecs had come to govern over anywhere from four hundred to five hundred tiny nations and between five and six million people.This was accomplished by either conquest or commerce.
Around the year 1325 A.D., a nomadic people group that consisted of hunters and gatherers established Tenochtitlán on islands in Lake Texcoco, not far from where Mexico City is located today. This civilisation developed into the Aztec empire in the span of just one century, partly due to the sophisticated level of its agricultural practices.
Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire, was taken by the Spanish in 1521, which was less than two years after Hernándo Cortés and other Spanish conquistadors set foot in the city for the first time on November 8, 1519. How was it that Cortés was able to depose the Aztecs from their imperial capital?
One of the most important events in Spanish colonization of the Americas was the conquest of the Aztec Empire by the Spanish. This event is also known as the Conquest of Mexico or the Spanish-Aztec War, and it took place between 1519 and 1521.
The Aztecs had lost faith in Montezuma, their food supply was running low, and an outbreak of smallpox had begun among them. More than three million Aztecs perished as a result of the smallpox epidemic; with such a severely depleted population, it was very simple for the Spanish to conquer Tenochtitlán.
In 1521, a group of foreign invaders headed by the Spanish conqueror Hernán Cortés successfully destroyed the Aztec Empire and took control of Tenochtitlan, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great indigenous civilisation.
After the fall of the Aztec empire, the beautiful art that had been kept in its temples was turned into currency and the buildings themselves were defiled or destroyed. The common people suffered from the illnesses brought by the Europeans, which killed out up to fifty percent of the population, and their new masters turned out to be no better than the Aztecs had been.
Soon after the Spanish colonization of Cuba in 1519, a small army headed by Hernán Cortés (1485-1547) defeated the Aztecs and took control of Mexico. This event occurred in Mexico.
The fragile nature of the Aztec Empire, the strategic advantages offered by Spanish technology, and the presence of smallpox all contributed to Cortez and his expedition’s successful fall of the Aztec Empire.
When European settlers came in North America, they brought with them infectious diseases to which the indigenous peoples had no immunity.Shortly after the arrival of the Spanish in Mexico in 1519, smallpox wiped off anywhere from 5 million to 8 million Aztecs.It is now believed that an altogether other sickness was responsible for the death of 15 million Aztecs and the collapse of their civilisation.
In his pursuit of riches, glory, and deity, Cortes set his sights on the Aztec people. As a result of these factors, a significant number of individuals living in the Aztec Empire were miserable. A number of them provided assistance to the Spanish conquistadors during their conquest of the empire.
By the 1500s, they had not only survived, but even triumphed over their adversaries, and they were making every effort to ensure that they would not be forced to regress. They conquered their neighbors, at first the various ethnic groups that lived in the central core of Mexico, and subsequently far further away, by employing both their intelligence and their physical might.
Within five years, an epidemic that the natives referred to as ″cocoliztli″ was responsible for the deaths of as many as 15 million people, which is equivalent to an estimated 80 percent of the population. In the Nahuatl language of the Aztecs, the term translates to ″plague.″ However, the reason behind it has been debated for about half a millennium now.
Because of their contribution to the development of Aztec society, the Spanish had a beneficial impact on Aztec civilisation. They taught the Aztecs how to cultivate using European techniques, as well as how to raise domestic animals, sugar, and wheat. The most important thing that the Spanish did was to put an end to the Aztec practice of human sacrifice.