Overpopulation, environmental deterioration, conflict, shifting trade routes, and protracted drought are only few of the possible contributing factors that may have led to the collapse of the Maya civilisation in the southern lowlands.Scholars have also proposed a variety of other possible explanations.It is quite likely that the collapse was caused by a multifaceted confluence of several variables.
Around one thousand years ago, a massive drought that swept throughout Mexico was the precipitating factor that led to the collapse of one of the oldest and most advanced civilizations in the world.According to the findings of researchers who investigated the climate that prevailed during the period of the ancient Maya, precipitation levels dropped by as much as 70 percent at the same time that the region’s city states were deserted.
There are several causes that are currently known to have contributed to the deterioration and eventual extinction of the Mayan Civilization during the Classic period. Some of these reasons include an expansion in the size and number of kingdoms.
There was a continuation of autonomous Maya culture until 1697, when the Spanish invaded Nojpeten, which was the final independent city-state. There are still millions of Maya people living on the Yucatán peninsula in modern day.
In the Maya lowlands during the years 1524–1525, Hernán Cortés.
Maya people had already established settlements and were engaged in agricultural activities by the year 1500 BCE. Maya civilization underwent significant change throughout the Classic Period, which began about 250 CE and lasted until roughly 900. The Mayan civilisation reached its zenith when it comprised more than 40 towns, each of which had a population of between 5,000 and 50,000 people.
There is a possibility that the collapse of the Maya civilization in the southern lowlands was caused by a combination of all three of these factors: overpopulation and abuse of the land, chronic warfare, and drought.
The fact that Maya culture and civilization were so powerful that they were able to govern Mesoamerica for such a long period of time—more than three thousand years—is evidence of this.
The Maya are currently estimated to have a population of around six million people, making them the biggest single group of indigenous peoples found north of Peru. Mexico is home to many of the most populous Maya communities, the most notable of which being the Yucatecs (with an estimated population of 300,000), the Tzotzil (120,000), and the Tzeltal (80,000).
Their dominion based on tribute grew to encompass all of Mesoamerica. As early as 2600 BC, the Maya people established their culture in southern Mexico and northern Central America, a vast region that encompasses the whole Yucatán Peninsula. They called this region of the world home. a chart that compares.
|Today part of||Mexico||Mexico, Guatemala and Belize.|
On the Maya boundary, the Aztecs had garrisons, and it is most likely that they had offensive intentions. But soon the Aztecs too came under attack, this time at the hands of the Spaniards. However, if we may include surviving warriors from parts of Mexico that were formerly a part of the Aztec Empire in our definition of ″the Aztecs,″ then the answer is yes.
Itza Maya and other lowland groups in the Petén Basin were first contacted by Hernán Cortés in 1525, but they remained independent and hostile to the encroaching Spanish until 1697, when a concerted Spanish assault led by Martn de Urza y Arizmendi finally defeated the last independent Maya kingdom. Martn de Urza y Arizmendi was the leader of the Spanish assault.
The Spanish were able to take control of Tenochtitlan because to their superior armament as well as a terrible outbreak of smallpox that occurred during the 93 days that Cortés’ army laid siege to the city. The triumph of Cortés brought to the fall of the Aztec empire, and the Spanish then started to cement their dominance over what would eventually become the province of New Spain.
Soon after the Spanish colonization of Cuba in 1519, a small army headed by Hernán Cortés (1485-1547) defeated the Aztecs and took control of Mexico. This event occurred in Mexico.