They did not make their homes in the cities, but they traveled there frequently for rituals and celebrations associated with their religion. They spent the most of their waking hours working and lived in cottages in the countryside that did not have windows. On the other hand, the Inca empire was completely reliant on them. In addition to this, the Inca were excellent growers.
Daily life in the Inca empire was characterized by strong family relationships, agricultural labor, sometimes enforced state or military service for males, and occasional lighter moments of festivities to celebrate important life events in the community and highlights in the agricultural calendar. This was all part of the Inca empire’s agricultural society.
Because of the mountains’ precipitous slopes, there was a restriction placed on the quantity of arable ground that could be utilized for farming.Finding water for the crops was another challenge that they faced.The Inca developed a method of farming called as terrace farming in order to address this issue.They created terraces by building walls on the slopes of the hills and then filling the terraces with soil.
The Incas were a sophisticated people that lived in South America. Their territory covered what is now Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, and even some of Argentina and Chile’s northern regions. They were known for their complex culture.
A wide coastal desert, the rocky peaks of the Andes Mountains, and the thick Amazon Jungle were some of the natural impediments that the Inca had to contend with.
The transmission of illness The most common causes of mortality among the Inca population were influenza and smallpox, and both diseases did not discriminate between the nobility and the common people; they struck both.
They constructed water storage cisterns as well as irrigation canals that zigzagged and slanted their way down and around the mountains. In addition to this, they hacked terraces into the hillside, beginning in the lowlands and working their way up the slopes.
The Incas were able to build parts of the mountain that were suited for farming by carving flat planes into the rock. These regions are able to survive the challenges that are typical of mountain climates since they are surrounded by stone walls. The Incas were able to cultivate, and they also had domesticated types of plants that were better able to survive in severe environments.
The most typical layout for an Inca home was a rectangular structure with a thatched roof, and it often only had a single chamber. Stone or adobe was the typical material used for the construction of the walls (a claylike material). The stone blocks were cut in such a way that they were completely compatible with one another, eliminating the need for cement.
Because the only documented descriptions of the Inca were produced by people who were not from the Inca society, its mythology and culture were passed down from generation to generation through the oral tradition of professional storytellers.
Despite popular belief, the Inca did not refer to themselves as such.They truly referred to themselves as the Tawantin Suyu, which can be translated as either the ″Land of the Four Quarters″ or the ″Four United Regions.″ The Inca Empire had reached its full size by the year 1500 CE.It spanned a distance of around 2500 miles from north to south and had a population of over 12 million people at the time.
In spite of the fact that it was within view of the most important religious center at Machu Picchu, a group of explorers has discovered an Inca city that had been lost for generations in the jungles of Peru.
Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, who also went by the name Pachacutec, was an Inca emperor who ruled from 1438 until 1471. He was known as an empire builder and has been compared to Philip II of Macedonia due to the rapid and widespread expansion of the Inca state that he oversaw. Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui flourished in the 15th century.
In addition to vegetables like beans and squash, corn (sometimes spelled maize) served as the primary staple item in their diet. Potatoes and a very fine grain known as quinoa were two of the most prevalent crops cultivated by the Incas. In addition to a vast range of fruits, the Aztecs and Maya were known to choose avocados and tomatoes as their primary sources of nutrition.
The Incas did not keep domesticated animals such as cows, sheep, pigs, chickens, or goats. Llamas, alpacas, and guinea pigs were the only kind of domesticated animals they kept. An Inca mountain god would be pleased to receive this little llama sculpture made of gold as a gift.