The transmission of illness The most common causes of mortality among the Inca population were influenza and smallpox, and both diseases did not discriminate between the nobility and the common people; they struck both.
Although the decline of the Incan Empire can be attributed to a number of factors, such as the introduction of new diseases and technological advances in armament, the adept political maneuvering of the Spanish was a significant contributor to the collapse of this once-mighty empire.
An assassination attempt was made on Francisco Pizarro, the conqueror of the Incas – HISTORY.
Atahualpa, also known as Atawallpa (Quechua), Atabalica, Atahuallpa, and Atabalipa, reigned as the final Inca Emperor from around 1502 until his death on July 26, 1533.
|Died||26 July 1533 (aged 31) Cajamarca, Tawantinsuyu|
|Burial||29 August 1533 Cajamarca, Tawantinsuyu|
Peasants living in the Andes today who communicate in Quechua and make up around 45 percent of Peru’s total population are believed to be direct descendants of the Inca. They employ basic, age-old technologies in conjunction with their agricultural and herding practices.
The Mayan and Incan civilizations in South and Central America were almost obliterated by smallpox at the same time as the Native American people of North America. In addition, other European illnesses like as measles and mumps also took significant tolls, contributing to the overall decline of certain native populations in the new globe by an amount equal to or greater than 90 percent.
Researchers have determined that the Inca Empire had a population of more than 16 million people at its peak.
|Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire|
|Casualties and losses|
|Unknown||7,700,000 indigenous deaths from 1533 to 1572 of typhus and smallpox epidemics (600,000 survived)|
Pizarro, who had fewer than 200 soldiers to fight several thousand, enticed Atahualpa to a feast held in the emperor’s honor and then opened fire on the unarmed Incans. Atahualpa was killed in the ensuing battle. The Inca people were slaughtered by Pizarro’s troops, and Atahualpa was captured and coerced into converting to Christianity before he was finally put to death.
Marriage was not an exception to this rule. The average age of marriage for Inca men was twenty years old, while the average age of marriage for Inca women was sixteen.
However, less than two centuries later, their civilization was extinct because they were victims of what is often considered to be the cruellest incident in the history of Spanish colonial history. In the year 1532, the conquistadors first landed in the New World, led by Francisco Pizarro. They were successful in capturing the Inca leader Atahualpa, and a year later they put him to death.
The Incas were said to have been ″terrified″ when they heard ″the shooting of the cannons and at the horses″ (p. 70) because none of these things were familiar to them; neither had they ever seen horses. Diamond asserts that ″the superior armaments of the Spaniards would have secured an ultimate triumph for the Spanish.″ [Citation needed] (p. 66).
Machu Picchu was deserted at some point. Following the destruction of the final Incan city in 1572, the Incan dynasty of monarchs came to an end. Machu Picchu was formerly a royal retreat that was frequented by powerful rulers, but it has now fallen into disrepair. The location is now included on the list of World Heritage sites maintained by the United Nations.
Atahuallpa, also spelled Atahualpa, was the 13th and last Inca emperor. He was born around the year 1502 and died on August 29, 1533 in Cajamarca, which was then the capital of the Inca empire. Atahuallpa was victorious in a devastating civil war with his half brother, only to be captured by Francisco Pizarro, held for ransom, and then executed by Pizarro.
Atahuallpa proposed that Pizarro release him in exchange for a chamber filled with riches, and Pizarro accepted the idea. At the end of the day, about 24 tons of gold and silver were brought to the Spanish from various locations around the Inca empire.
At this time, the Inca Empire was at its peak size, covering an area of around 690,000 square miles, and the Spanish were aware of the riches and plenty that could be found inside this realm. In the year 1528, Pizarro traveled back to Spain in order to make his request to the Spanish crown for permission to conquer the region and assume the role of governor.