The Inca Empire was organized in a hierarchical structure, with the emperor, also known as the Inca Sapa, presiding over the rest of the Inca civilization. The immediate subordinates of the emperor in the administrative structure of the empire consisted of a number of religious officials and magistrates.
Government of the Inca The Inca empire was ruled by an absolute monarchy, and the Sapa Inca held the position of supreme power in the Inca administration. His authority was not constrained in any way by the law. The majority of the members of the royal council were either members of the royal family or close relatives, and it also included high priests and generals.
In what ways was the Inca administration able to maintain control over their empire? The Inca administration, which was headed by the monarch or Sapa Inca, maintained control of their empire by the employment of military might. Additionally, they disseminated their religion, as well as their art and architecture, in an effort to forge cultural harmony.
To rule such a big and complex empire, the Inca were in need of a competent and well-organized administration.Tawantinsuyu was the name given to the Inca administration at that time.It was a monarchy with a single ruler known as the Sapa Inca who had absolute power.The name of the emperor or monarch of the Inca Empire was Sapa Inca, which means ″single ruler.″ This title was given to the ruler of the Inca Empire.
The imperial administration of Incan was one of the most authoritarian and oppressive in history.He gave his son Tupac Inca Yupanqui command of an army so that he might repeat his victories and expand his dominion all the way to Quito.After that, Pachacuti constructed irrigation canals, cultivated terraces, built roadways, and established hospices.The Inca Road extended all the way from Quito to Santiago in Chile.
The beginning of the Empire. In 1438, the Sapa Inca, emperor of the Inca, called Pachacuti, initiated an imperial invasion of the Andean area, which resulted in the establishment of the Inca Empire. Pachacuti was responsible for reorganizing the Kingdom of Cusco into what the Inca referred to as the Tahuantinsuyu system.
The common populace quickly accepted Spanish control as ″what was done″ after the destruction of their royal family and the center of their religious practice. This resulted in the formation of local aid, which, when combined with support from other areas, made it possible for the Spanish to totally capture the region by the year 1572, thus ushering in the end of the Inca Empire.
The Inca developed a method of farming called as terrace farming in order to address this issue.They created terraces by building walls on the slopes of the hills and then filling the terraces with soil.On the slopes of mountains, large steps are used to create terraces.If the hilly terrain hadn’t been broken up by terraces, the terrain would have been too steep for farmers to irrigate, till, and harvest their crops.
The Inca kings revered the sun deity Inti and constructed Cusco’s Qurikancha, which served as the city’s primary temple. By tolerating the worship of several gods and spirits, the Inca elite were able to unite the diverse communities that comprised their empire.
The last Inca bastion fell in 1572, when the Spanish had Manco’s son Tupac Amaru put to death. This marked the end of the Inca empire. The rapid spread of the smallpox epidemic over the Inca dominion was a contributing factor in the Spanish conquest of what was a huge and well developed Inca Empire.