Pizarro was successful in his conquest of the Inca people thanks to the use of smallpox as a weapon of biological warfare.Before Pizarro arrived in the Americas, the disease spread fast over the continent.The fact that most of Europe’s population had coexisted with animals for millennia rendered them immune to the most devastating effects of smallpox.However, the native peoples of the Americas did not have access to such advantages.
Atahuallpa, the last emperor of the Inca empire, met with a Spanish priest who urged him to convert to Christianity and to Charles V. After Atahuallpa’s refusal, Pizarro’s soldiers attacked, captured, and ultimately killed Atahuallpa. This allowed Pizarro to seize Cuzco and essentially conquer the empire. Atahuallpa was executed after his capture.
Atahualpa understood that the Spanish desired riches, so he climbed as high as he could on the wall and made a vow to Pizarro that he would fill the chamber with gold up to that height in exchange for his freedom. It was a blunder that ended in disaster. Pizarro seized the treasure, assassinated the Inca king, took control of the Inca Country, and then scoured the empire for further wealth.
Invading Peru and Defeating Death After returning to Spain in 1528, Pizarro was successful in obtaining a commission from Emperor Charles V.The commission tasked Pizarro with establishing a new Spanish province in the area he had conquered in the south of the continent.Pizarro, together with his brothers, was successful in deposing the Inca ruler Atahualpa and gaining control of Peru in the year 1532.
Superior Weapons The employment of gunpowder, which the Incas did not have available to them, was another factor that contributed to Pizarro’s success in his conquest of the Incas. Even very simple weapons such as steel-edged swords, pikes, and crossbows provided the Spaniards an advantage over their opponents.
At the Battle of Cajamarca, which took place in December 1532, a group of conquistadors commanded by Francisco Pizarro were victorious and were able to capture the Inca Emperor Atahualpa.
In the year 1532, at the Battle of Cajamarca, 168 Spanish soldiers under the command of the explorer Francisco Pizarro, his brothers, and their indigenous allies successfully captured the Sapa Inca Atahualpa. This victory came after years of preceding exploration and military engagements.
Conquistador, soldier, and explorer Francisco Pizarro is well remembered for his role in the conquest of the Inca people and the subsequent execution of their king, Atahuapla. Around the year 1474, he was born in the Spanish city of Trujillo. In the year 1513, he was a member of the voyage that was led by Vasco Nez de Balboa and was the one who led to the discovery of the Pacific Ocean.
Francisco Pizarro (ca. 1475–June 26, 1541) was a Spanish adventurer and conqueror. In the year 1532, he was able to capture Atahualpa, who was the ruler of the powerful Inca Empire, with only a tiny band of Spaniards. Eventually, he was successful in leading his warriors to victory over the Inca, during which time he amassed staggering sums of gold and silver.
Pizarro was eager to get his hands on the Inca riches and establish his reputation, whereas Atahualpa was more concerned with preserving his own life and regaining his independence. Both of them were interested in quite different things, but in a way, their differences helped them complement one another. They were dependent upon one another.
The transmission of illness The most common causes of mortality among the Inca population were influenza and smallpox, and both diseases did not discriminate between the nobility and the common people; they struck both.
Therefore, the Spanish invasion was accomplished by the use of unrelenting force and deception, with the assistance of elements such as the spread of smallpox and a significant gap in communication and cultural norms.The Spaniards were responsible for the destruction of a significant portion of the Incan civilization and for the introduction of the culture of Spain to the native inhabitants.
Conquistador Francisco Pizarro led an army of ten Spaniards against the Incas, which resulted in the Incas’ defeat. The Inca Empire was rapidly brought to its knees because to superior strategy, cutting-edge weaponry, and the combined efforts of indigenous armies. When Francisco Pizarro arrived in Peru from Spain, he discovered the country in the midst of a civil war.
|Battle of Cajamarca|
|Nueva Castilla||Inca Empire|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Francisco Pizarro Hernando Pizarro Hernando de Soto||Atahualpa ( POW )|
How was it that the Governor managed to persuade Atahuallpa to speak with the Spaniards (p. 68)? Atahuallpa was informed by a messenger sent by the Governor that he should ″welcome him as a friend and brother. That he suffer neither affront nor injury″ (p.